WASHINGTON -- Members of Congress observed the 400th anniversary Tuesday of the arrival of the first enslaved Africans in America at a time of renewed interest over the history of slavery and its continued impact on contemporary society.
"We must tell the unvarnished truth," Speaker Nancy Pelosi said during the ceremony at the Capitol.
The commemoration was held in Emancipation Hall, which is named for the contributions of enslaved laborers who helped build the Capitol and, as Pelosi said, "gave the world this beacon of hope."
The observance was organized by the Congressional Black Caucus as part of events this year marking the 400 years since the enslaved people were brought to America in August 1619.
Questions about income inequality, reparations for slavery and other issues from the nation's history of enslaving people are spilling into politics and culture with a reckoning not seen since the Civil Rights era.
The Republican leader of the House, Rep. Kevin McCarthy of California, said slavery in America led to "many shameful moments" in the country, including in Congress.
"Our nation isn't perfect and there's more progress to make," McCarthy said.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., did not attend the ceremony but said as he opened the Senate that slavery was in many ways the country's "original sin."
McConnell's own family history came under question earlier this year after it was revealed his ancestors reportedly owned slaves generations ago. On Tuesday, he said, while progress has been made, "change has come too slow."
Rep. Karen Bass, D-Ca., the chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus, called on colleagues to examine and embrace all parts of the nation's history.
"We are so fortunate to live in this amazing country with our incredible history," Bass said. "All of our history is what makes this country a great country," she said, and encourages all Americans to contribute to the "fight to build a more perfect union."