McConnell signaled his confidence in Senate acquittal from the “most unfair" charges brought by the House, evidence of the party's remarkable turnaround from four years ago, when congressional Republicans wanted nothing to do with the insurgent and inflammatory Trump campaign.
The party is now bound to a president whose loyalty from his party's core conservative voters is matched only by his opponents' loathing for him.
“They are who they are,” said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., when asked about the lack of daylight between the president and his party's rank-and-file.
She also questioned GOP lawmakers’ comments during Wednesday's debate comparing Trump’s impeachment to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
“Something's strange there,” she said. “Apart from the fact that they want to protect the president at the cost of the Constitution.”
In recent weeks, Trump's team has pointed to widespread GOP support for Trump as exemplifying the president's grip on his adoptive party and a cementing of the 2016 electoral realignment that sent Trump to the White House.
“I was not a Republican. Now I’m a Republican," said Jared Kushner, who was a Democrat before helping steer his father-in-law’s surprise victory three years ago. "I think the Republican Party is growing now that people like me feel comfortable being part of it.”
Just three months ago, initial revelations of a phone call in which Trump tried squeezing Ukraine's new president to announce an investigation into Democrats gave a handful of Republicans pause. By Wednesday, the Democratic-led House voted to impeach Trump over unanimous GOP opposition, a moment spotlighting his hold on congressional Republicans and raising questions about the vote's political impact.
“Trump is strong as a tank with Republicans,” said Rep. Patrick McHenry of North Carolina, a member of the House GOP leadership. He said that along with what he called Democrats' weak evidence against Trump and unfair impeachment process, “The combination of the three make this one of the easier votes we’ll cast.”
“Today may be the only consequential vote they ever cast, because they won’t be back,” said Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C., one of Trump's staunchest defenders.
But Trump's Republican critics and Democrats said the House GOP's solid backing inextricably bound Republican lawmakers to Trump and would ultimately inflict a damaging blow.
“You can play to the base and excite the base and turn an election here and there, but that’s not a long-term strategy. Demographics will take care of that” as anti-Trump younger, diverse voters join the electorate, said former Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., who declined to seek reelection last year after clashing with Trump for years. "There will be a time when we Republicans wake up from this and say, ’We did this for this man?'”
Wednesday's House debate on impeachment brought GOP comparisons to the crucifixion of Jesus and imperial Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.
“I don’t think the Republican Party nationally really exists anymore. It is now the Trump party,” said Rep. Kurt Schrader, D-Ore. “When he goes at some point, it will be interesting to see how they define themselves, what they stand for.”
In Trump's past pivotal fights — including his failed effort to repeal former President Barack Obama's health care law — congressional Republicans strongly rallied behind him, but there were small but significant numbers of defectors.
A handful of Republican lawmakers had expressed concern when word of Trump's pressuring Ukraine first emerged in September. While stopping short of abandoning him, several initially took a middle-ground position, saying they wanted to learn more about what happened.
Wednesday's unanimous GOP vote came after party leaders held numerous impeachment briefings for lawmakers. Those sessions were aimed at making sure they were “getting information to people,” said No. 2 House GOP leader Steve Scalise of Louisiana.
GOP Rep. Will Hurd, a Texas moderate who’s clashed with Trump over immigration and other issues, was closely watched as the House Ukraine investigation progressed.
Hurd, 42 and a former CIA agent, is not seeking reelection, leaving him freer than most Republicans to abandon Trump. But Hurd last month said that while Trump’s actions were “inappropriate,” he believed the president had committed no impeachable offense, making it harder for wavering moderate Republicans to defect.
“We’ve seen evidence of a bungling foreign policy” but no evidence that Trump had broken laws, Hurd said Wednesday in a brief interview. “Whether or not other people make decisions based on what I do, that’s for them to answer.”
Rep. Francis Rooney, R-Fla., said early on that he wanted to learn more about what happened with Ukraine. After saying he was open to impeachment — and announcing his retirement the next day — he said Wednesday he was opposing impeachment after “agonizing over it” and deciding there was insufficient evidence to justify Trump's removal.
Rooney said Wednesday's vote further aligns his party to Trump.
“And that’s not necessarily the Republican Party that I’ve been part of and been a funder for, for many years,” he said. "This is a different era that we’re in for Republicans, and I don’t know where it’s going to go.”
With the impeachment vote coming just 11 months before the next presidential and congressional elections, Republicans said they believed it was Democrats who would be hurt.
“Pelosi has made this the party of impeachment,” Scalise said of Democrats led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California. ”Clearly this has been a personal vendetta they’ve been carrying out to please their most radical base."
“What we’re defining ourselves as is defenders of the Constitution,” said Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., another member of House GOP leadership. Asked if it was risky for the GOP to unanimously align itself with Trump, she said, "There is absolutely zero peril for the Republican Party to align itself with the Constitution.’’
One freshman Democrat from a closely divided district is Rep. Abigail Spanberger of Virginia, who is supporting impeachment.
“It’s about the presidency and I think it’s about upholding rule of law," she said when asked how the GOP's solid support for Trump would affect that party's reputation. “So their conscience and their oaths are their own to consider.”
Peter Wehner, a Republican who served in the White House under GOP Presidents Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, said the Republican vote against impeaching Trump would only strengthen the “absolute headlock" he has on his party.
“For some period of time, the brand is going to be the Trump brand, which is divisive, misogynistic and unethical," Wehner said. “The trouble for Republicans is that brand, the searing impression it's going to leave, is going to be most vivid for the rising generation of voters."
AP Writer Zeke Miller contributed.
This story has been corrected in the 28th paragraph to Rep. Liz Cheney, not Lynne Cheney.