The talks opened as a Chinese delegation led by Vice Premier Liu He sat down with a U.S. team led by Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and including Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Larry Kudlow, a key White House economic adviser, and Peter Navarro, a White House trade adviser.
The delegations faced each other from opposite sides of a long table in the ornate Indian Treaty Room in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House grounds. None of the officials commented publicly before journalists were led out of the room.
The world's two biggest economies are locked in a trade war that President Donald Trump started over allegations that China deploys predatory tactics to try to overtake U.S. technological dominance. Beijing's unfair tactics, trade analysts agree, include pressuring American companies to hand over trade secrets and in some cases stealing them outright.
To try to force China to change its ways, Trump has imposed tariffs on hundreds of billions in Chinese goods. Beijing has retaliated with tariffs of its own. China rejects the allegations and complains that Washington's goal is simply to cripple a rising economic competitor.
The conflict has rattled markets. It's also fanned uncertainty among businesses that must decide where to invest and whether Trump's tariffs — which raise the cost of the affected imports — will be in effect long enough to justify replacing Chinese suppliers with those from countries not subject to the tariffs.
The International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development have all downgraded their forecasts for the global economy, citing the heightened trade tensions.
After meetings last week in Beijing, Lighthizer said the two countries had "made headway."
And citing upbeat comments from the two countries, Xingdong Chen, chief China economist at BNP Paribas, said the negotiators are "likely to make progress, convincing Trump it is worth extending the tariff truce if necessary."
Associated Press writer Darlene Superville contributed to this report.