Apple posted second-quarter revenue of $50.6 billion and quarterly net income of $10.5 billion. By comparison, the company reported revenue of $58 billion and net income of $13.6 billion in the same quarter last year.
Gene Munster, managing director and senior research analyst at Piper Jaffray, said Apple needs to broaden its product base to continue winning over consumers and to keep shareholders happy.
"A bigger theme is they have to get into other categories. That is going to be the longer term. Investors want to see what they are spending $10 billion a year on in research and design," he told ABC News.
Despite Apple's warning of another lackluster quarter, Munster said he expects iPhone sales to increase following the expected release of a new iPhone this fall.
"People are upgrading at about the same pace as they always have, it’s just the iPhone 6 was so successful, it pulled forward demand," he said. "Given the new form factor, it caused people to upgrade more quickly and now we are going back to a normal upgrade cycle."
The Chinese market still holds potential for Apple even though sales in China declined 26 percent year-over-year in the March quarter, Patrick Moorhead, an analyst at Moor Insights & Strategy, told ABC News.
"There is still growth left for Apple in China, particularly the western regions, but India is the next huge growth area," he noted. "India is a tough market as it’s not centrally driven by carriers, but Apple is making headway there. The mid-range space with the iPhone SE will be Apple’s proving ground there."
Apple's iPhone upgrade program, which allows people to trade-in their old devices for the newest model, is "slowly gaining traction," Munster said, and could add to the bottom line in coming quarters.
Another potential bright spot for Apple: The company can now add Android loyalists to its consumer base.
"We added more switchers from Android and other platforms in the first half of this year than any other six month period ever," Cook said.
Apple reported that revenue from services such as the App Store, Apple Music and Apple Pay, was $6 billion last quarter, up 20 percent from last year.
"Our product pipeline has amazing innovation in store," he said.
Shares of Apple fell 8 percent during after-hours trading on Tuesday. The stock has dropped more than 26 percent over the last 12 months.