NEW YORK -- A New York judge denied the U.S. government's request Thursday to toss out a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of Immigration and Customs Enforcement arrests in New York courthouses.
U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff said he was rejecting the government's arguments that suggested the arrests were “none of this Court's business and second, that even if it is, the common law privilege against courthouse arrests doesn't apply to ICE.”
The lawsuit contended that ICE arrests in courthouses have skyrocketed since President Donald Trump took office.
A Justice Department spokesman declined comment.
The judge, who heard oral arguments in the case last month, noted that lawyers for New York state said civil arrests in or around New York state courthouse had risen “by a remarkable 1,700 percent or more.”
“Court cannot be expected to function properly if third parties (not least the executive branch of the government) feel free to disrupt the proceedings and intimidate the parties and witnesses by staging arrests for unrelated civil violations in the courthouse, on court properly, or while the witnesses or parties are in transit to or from their court proceedings,” Rakoff wrote.
The judge said over 500 years ago, the English courts developed a common law privilege against civil arrests on courthouse premises.
“This ancient privilege, incorporated into American law in the early years of our republic by virtually all state and federal courts, has remained largely intact over the centuries,” Rakoff said.
Last month, the judge said he found the federal government's assertions that its policies regarding courthouse arrests can't be reviewed by a federal judge to be “unusual and extraordinary.”
New York’s attorney general, the Brooklyn district attorney and several immigrant advocates’ groups had sued ICE over its policy changes.
They praised the ruling.
“Our state courts cannot function with ICE attempting to arrest parties, witnesses, and victims who rely on our courts for relief,” New York Attorney General Letitia James said in a statement. “Today’s ruling ensures we will get our day in court to make the case that ICE’s policies are nothing more than illegal maneuvers that harm our state’s ability to provide justice through the court system.”
Brooklyn District Attorney Eric Gonzalez said the arrests jeopardize public safety because they have a “chilling effect in immigrant communities and discourages cooperation with law enforcement.”