May 19, 2010 -- The heavy, black oil that people along the Gulf Coast have feared since the start of the BP spill exactly a month ago finally has arrived on shore, Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal said today.
Following a boat tour of Pass a Loutre, La., today, Jindal reported seeing thick oil in the sensitive marshlands.
"The heavy oil is here," Jindal said. "This was the day everybody was worried about, everybody was concerned about. That day is here, that heavy oil is in the marshes."
"This was not the weathered, the emulsified oil," Jindal said. "It wasn't tar balls. This wasn't sheen. ... This is oil that is going to be very, very difficult for them to clean up."
Jindal said that more than 30 miles of the coastline has been oiled, and he called on the Army Corps of Engineers to approve an application to begin dredging along the Gulf of Mexico in hopes of stopping the further spread of the spill.
Further east, parts of the slick have entered the Gulf loop current, the federal government confirmed this afternoon. The current could carry the oil to Florida within weeks or even days, though much of the oil could dissipate before it reaches the state.
Tar Balls Not Linked to BP Spill
Today, fears that the oil spill had already arrived in Key West, Fla., were proven unfounded, as lab tests showed that the tar balls discovered on Key West beaches were not linked to the BP spill.
The Environmental Protection Agency said that tests of the air and large sections of the water show little toxicity so far. Still, with oil showing up on at least some shoreline, experts warn against any type of contact with the oil.
"It would burn your skin, particularly your inner arms, which are tender," said Wilma Subra, a chemist and environmental consultant.
Cleanup crews and ocean bathers are at risk of touching the oil, as are fishermen who now are finding oiled fish along the coast. In the bayous of the Mississippi Delta today, fish were seen swimming in oil.
About 45,000 square miles of fisheries have been closed because of the spill, and it seems to be having an effect on the price of seafood far from the oil. Today, fish that normally sold for $2.50 a pound were going for $3.25.
Seafood Fears Keep Customers Away
Business owners said that fears of the oil are keeping some away from seafood.
"Customers don't even want to come out. Because of all the publicity, they think everything is full of oil," said Sandy Theriot, who works in a Gulf Coast seafood market.
Government screeners are weeding out the bad fish by using their noses. Though toxicology tests exist, the smell method also is used to help spot oil-tainted seafood.
"What did your grandmother tell you? If it smells bad, don't eat it," said Luann White, an expert in toxicology and environmental health at Tulane University.
Only a few catches have been rejected so far because of oil contamination, and experts said that even if a bad fish made it through the screening, it wouldn't do much harm. You could taste the oil, but because it is degraded, consuming it most likely only would lead to stomach cramps.
BP said the 4-inch tube is working, siphoning 84,000 gallons a day to a ship, oil that otherwise would have poured into Gulf waters. But oil continues to bleed into new areas, and experts fear it could wind its way up the East Coast.
Some experts agree with BP that the insertion tube has made significant headway in controlling the spill.
"The riser insertion tube can only siphon off a certain amount of the oil, which is probably about 30 to 40 percent of the oil that's coming out of the tube," said Satish Nagarajaiah, a professor of civil and mechanical engineering at Rice University. "I think it's good progress."
But others, including residents who depend on the ocean for their livelihoods, say it's not good enough. Some who rely on Florida's $60 billion a year tourism industry say the damage already may be done.
"We know of people who're saying they're not coming in June because of the oil," said Spencer Slate, who owns a dive center in Key Largo. "Nothing functions down here without tourism."
ABC's Jake Tapper, Ayana Harry, Azfar Deen and The Associated Press contributed to this report.