All About the Egg - Fun Facts and Cooking Tips
By DIANE HENDERIKS
The egg is used around the world as a symbol of the start of new life and they are given to celebrate Easter or springtime. Eggs are so much a part of our everyday lives that some of us might have forgotten their many benefits: nutrition powerhouse, economic protein, culinary necessity and delicious taste. Here's some fun and helpful info about this wonderful little ellipsoid.
- Eggs contain the highest quality protein with just the right mix of essential amino acids needed by humans to build tissues, second only to mother's milk for human nutrition.
- Eggs have 13 essential vitamins and minerals. The yolk is the major source of most of them, including naturally occurring Vitamin D.
- One large egg contains only 70 calories and 5 grams of fat and one egg white has just 17 calories and zero fat.
- Eggs are good for your eyes because of the high quantity of lutein, a caroteniod that might help prevent age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.
- Eggs are rich in choline, a nutrient that helps to boost brain health and one large egg contains more than one-half of a woman's daily requirement for this essential nutrient.
- Eggs are rich in B vitamins, especially riboflavin and vitamin B12.
- Replace one whole egg with two egg whites in most recipes to save some calories and fat.
- Whipped egg whites contain tiny air bubbles. When whipped egg whites are added to other ingredients, they make the dishes light and fluffy.
- The best breading takes three steps: 1. dip in flour 2. dip in mix of whipped milk, whole eggs and egg whites 3. breadcrumbs
- Beaten whole egg or yolk brushed onto food items before baking will give it a gloss or glazed finish.
- Whipped egg yolks can hold other ingredients together that do not normally mix, like oil does with vinegar
- The most expensive egg ever sold was the Faberge "Winter Egg" sold in 1994 for $5.6 million.
- In France, the bride breaks an egg on the threshold of their new home before stepping in, for luck and healthy babies.
- At the time of the French Revolution, the French already knew 685 different ways of preparing eggs, including, of course, the omelet.
- In the Guiness World Records for omelet making, 427 two-egg omelets were made in 30 minutes by Howard Helmer.
Henderiks is a registered dietitian, founder of Dianehenderiks.com and a "Good Morning America" health contributor.