Snowden left the CIA in 2009 only to go to later work for another spy agency, the NSA, as a private contractor with computing giant Dell and then technology consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton in Hawaii. Snowden described his work in the private sector in a series of titles -- "systems engineer, systems administrator, senior adviser for the Central Intelligence Agency, solutions consultant and telecommunications informations systems officer" -- before becoming an "infrastructure analyst for the NSA." Booz Allen Hamilton confirmed Snowden's employment there and said he joined less than three months ago. Dell declined to comment for this report and directed inquiries to the Department of Justice.
A neighbor in Hawaii told ABC News Snowden and a woman moved out of their home about a month ago. Before that, the neighbor said the couple was disengaged and standoffish.
Wherever he is now, some U.S. officials are calling for his prosecution.
Rep. Peter King, R-N.Y., became one of the first U.S. officials to call for "extradition proceedings at the earliest date" and warned that "no country should be granting this individual asylum."
With his future uncertain, Snowden told The Guardian from hiding that he has no illusions about what could be waiting for him now that his face and name are known to what he described as the "world's most powerful intelligence agencies."
"If they want to get to you, over time they will," he said. "I think the sense of outrage [over the NSA programs] that has been expressed is justified. It has given me hope that, no matter what happens to me, the outcome will be positive for America."
And just as his father is concerned about him, Snowden says he worries about his family.
"My family does not know what is happening... My primary fear is that they will come after my family, my friends, my partner, anyone I have a relationship with," he said. "I will have to live with that for the rest of my life."
Today Snowden's father was reportedly visited by two men who identified themselves as FBI agents.
ABC News' Matthew Mosk, Randy Kreider, Akiko Fujita and Christopher Good contributed to this report.