Financial Crisis Hurts State Pensions, Budgets

The financial crisis on Wall Street is causing waves in statehouses across the country, where various governors are grappling with budget deficits, dwindling finances and plummeting pension funds.

As the credit market shut down at midday Monday, Massachusetts was unable to borrow the final portion of a $400 million loan from Wall Street investors to make quarterly aid payments to cities and towns and had to dip into its own funds to make up the $170 million shortfall.

Pension funds in New Jersey also took a hit, with state treasurer R. David Rousseau saying that the state's Division of Investment lost more than half of the $200 million it invested in June with the now-bankrupt Lehman Brothers. In addition, governor Jon Corzine said that his administration is reviewing 5 percent across-the-board cuts, which could add up to $500 million, at every state department and agency.

And Connecticut Gov. Jodi Rell announced $35 million in budget cuts today, the second round of such cutbacks, to reduce a projected state budget deficit of more than $300 million. In Virginia, Gov. Timothy M. Kaine is examining spending cuts of 5, 10 and 15 percent to every state agency, including the state police. And in California, a budget that took months to hammer out is already $1 billion in the red.

"We knew it was going to be tough but this goes way beyond what we thought," Scott Pattison, executive director of the National Association of State Budget Officers, told

"Things were already looking grim and the financial crisis on Wall Street is just making things worse. We're already seeing across-the-board budget cuts and everyone is bracing for a really difficult two-year period."

Many states were already suffering from the losses that came from the failures of AIG, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Lehman Brothers. They were all favorites of big institutional investors such as state pension funds because -- until this month -- they were relatively safe bets. Now they are all worth next to nothing.

The value of many pension funds plunged millions of dollars and state leaders, already facing tough budgets, now worry about how the latest blows will hurt tax collections.

Pensioners shouldn't worry -- their benefits are defined by law and no matter how poorly the pension funds perform, they will still get their full monthly checks. But in some cases taxpayers will have to pay more into the funds to cover the shortfalls.

Patricia Macht, assistant executive officer of the California Public Employees' Retirement System, or CalPERS, said that while the $235.9 billion fund did take a hit on some of those stocks it also has so many other investments spread out in other areas.

"The good news for CalPERS: We're large enough and diverse enough to weather the storm," Macht said. "We have been through many of the crises."

CalPERS, the largest public pension plan in the country, aims for a 7.75 percent return on its investments each year.

Last year, it lost about 3.5 percent. But the year before it made nearly 19 percent and the year before it made 9.7 percent.

"We've rebounded from other market crises and will again," Macht said. "We're in it for the long term. One of the upsides of being a long-term investor, we don't need to cash in soon."

New York state might not be as optimistic. Layoffs on Wall Street could really hurt tax collections. Some estimates say Wall Street workers account for 20 percent of the state's income tax revenues.

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