VCU is involved in a number of research initiatives for folks with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In the case of type 2 diabetes, the most common cause of diabetes, there are studies ongoing looking at the role of insulin resistance, obesity, and development of type 2 diabetes. We are also engaged in studies looking at risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus, trying to determine why some individuals are at greater risk for the development of type 2 diabetes than others. So, there is a large group of investigators here looking at risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
In the area of type 1 diabetes, previously called 'juvenile onset diabetes,' we are engaged in a number of studies looking at both prevention and treatment of type 1 diabetes. Individuals or children who are at risk for development of type 1 diabetes are screened and evaluated and enrolled in various studies trying to determine whether type 1 diabetes mellitus can be prevented. So both for type 1 and type 2 diabetes, VCU is thoroughly engaged in the evaluation and management of diabetes.