Health Highlights: Aug. 18, 2008

While most students were meeting or exceeding their parents' expectations, many of the students believed they were falling short. These students reported lower self-esteem and more difficulty adjusting to college, said the study, published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence.

In a related study, University of Central Florida researchers found that students who said they had at least one authoritative parent (who combines a demanding nature, warmth and democracy) adjust better to college than those with parents who are too authoritarian, neglectful or permissive, UPI reported.

The findings were published in the Journal of Family Issues.


Honest University Students Braver Than Cheaters

The "bravest" students are least likely to cheat, according to two U.S. studies of more than 400 students at Ohio State University.

The researchers found that students who didn't cheat scored higher than cheaters in tests of courage, empathy and honesty. These "academic heroes" have a more positive view of others, noted study leader Professor Sara Staats, BBC News reported.

"Students who don't cheat seem to be in the minority, and have plenty of opportunities to see their peers cheat and receive the rewards with little risk of punishment," she said. "We see avoiding cheating as a form of everyday heroism in an academic setting.

The study was presented at the American Psychological Association conference in Boston.

The honest students "probably have stronger personalities and are less likely to give into temptation," Dr. Paul Seagar, spokesperson for the British Psychological Society, told BBC News.

Previous studies found that 50 percent to 80 percent of university students admitted to cheating.


New Drug May Prevent Fibrosis

Australian scientists say they've developed a drug that may prevent fibrosis, a potentially fatal build-up of scarring on internal organs that's caused by diabetes, heart disease and other illnesses. Currently, there are no treatments on the market for fibrosis.

The researchers said the drug, called FT-11, prevented fibrosis in rats, and human clinical trials could begin within 12 months, Agence France Presse reported.

The drug wouldn't prevent diabetes, but could prevent diabetes-related complications such as kidney disease and heart disease.

"We are hoping to delay or prevent those complications which would basically keep those patients off dialysis -- which would have a huge benefit for their lifestyle," Professor Darren Kelly, of the University of Melbourne, told AFP.

He said about 45 percent of diseases in the developed world are associated with some form of pathological fibrosis.


Australian Doctors Call for Gardasil Review

A major review of the cervical cancer vaccine Gardasil needs to be conducted, a group of Australian doctors urged after three women developed pancreatitis soon after receiving the vaccine, the Sydney Morning Herald reported.

Two of the women are well and the third remains under the care of a gastroenterologist.

"We suggest that pancreatitis be considered in cases of abdominal pain following HPV vaccination," the doctors wrote in the Medical Journal of Australia.

Their concerns prompted Australia's Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) to investigate if the vaccine does pose a threat to patients.

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