Cannon said that while the desire to eat "badly" comes from many different messages in the culture, it is a misconception to believe that every person can lower his or her cholesterol just by exercising and eating right. There is a heavy genetic component to high cholesterol, and no matter how fit, some people can't escape their genes.
But one of Cannon's patients, Gerald Thornell, said he tries to be ever mindful of his lifestyle after suffering a mild heart attack in 2004.
"You really have to take a good look at your diet and make some modifications," said Thornell, an education professor at Bridgewater State University in Bridgewater, Mass. "It's ludicrous to think that you have a magic pill and you continue to do whatever the hell you want to do."
Dr. Harlan Krumholz, a professor of medicine, epidemiology and public health at Yale University School of Medicine, said that it is a doctor's job to guide patients toward a diet that makes sense and is balanced.
"I don't want patients to feel that they are on a deprivation diet that does not allow them an occasional splurge, or a nice meal that they can enjoy," said Krumholz. "If we make recommendations that people cannot follow, then they will simply nod their heads during the office visit and then go in a different direction or feel guilty that they are not living up to expectations."
Despite mindful changes, Thornell said he still gives into his sweet tooth once in a while.
"During the holidays and Valentine's Day, a few more chocolates go through my hands than they should, but I have maintained my weight," said Thornell.
"Statins, when used appropriately, are very safe and effective for reducing heart attacks and other heart and blood vessel problems in a wide range of individuals," said Dr. James Stein, director of preventive cardiology at University of Wisconsin-Madison. "Since heart disease still is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S., I personally think they are underused and am surprised more people are not taking them."
Thornell said that, after going on a statin, his LDL, or bad cholesterol, "dropped like a stone" from around 160 to 37.
Krumholz said that the CDC report signaled a marked change in medical practices, and may explain some of the recent declines in hospitalizations for heart attacks and heart failure.
"The evidence that statins can reduce risk, at any level of cholesterol is strong, and the use of statins by patients with a high risk is an effective strategy to avoid future heart disease," said Krumholz. "In our enthusiasm about this strategy, however, we should be sure that those with a low risk of heart disease understand that they have little to gain by taking the medication."
"What is important is that we ensure that the drugs are used by those most likely to benefit," continued Krumholz. "We cannot lose focus on the value of healthy lifestyles can also play in promoting heart health."
"Once your safety net is broken, you're reluctant to leave it broken," said Thornell, referring to his mild heart attack and high cholesterol days. "If you're careful and create a diet and exercise program, the statin helps make a nice triangle, and that's about the best you can do."