Greg White
  • The lab was built in the 1940s and remains one of the few rare blood repositories in the world.
    Greg White
  • Plasma, which is 90 percent water, constitutes 55 percent of blood volume, according to the Stanford School of Medicine.
    Greg White
  • There are approximately one billion red blood cells in two drops of blood.
    Greg White
  • Much of the blood at the lab is processed overnight and through the early hours of the morning.
    Greg White
  • One out of every 10 people who enter the hospital will need blood, according to Blood Centers of the Pacific.
    Greg White
  • Plasma is often used to treat burn victims.
    Greg White
  • Red cells can be stored in refrigerators at 6ºC for up to 42 days. Some blood components can be stored for up to one year. All donated blood is tested for potential disease and contamination.
    Greg White
  • A single car accident victim may need up to 100 pints of blood, Red Cross reports.
    Greg White
  • A total of 30 million blood components are transfused each year in the U.S., according to the Red Cross.
    Greg White
  • O is the most common blood type. Blood with no antigens is considered the universal donor for rare blood types.
    Greg White
  • Rare blood is sometimes used in research to study the effect of antigens. Very rare blood is handled by one technician from start to finish, reducing error.
    Greg White
  • A bag of blood costs around $200 regardless of how rare the type. When plasma is cloudy it can indicate a high level of fat in the blood.
    Greg White
  • Blood gets sent to hospitals all over Britain and parts of Europe.
    Greg White
  • Condensed red blood cells are stacked on shelves in the cold-storage fridge at 4°C.
    Greg White
  • The plasma is particularly useful to burn victims because it helps to build blood volume, according to Mosaic Magazine.
    Greg White
  • Electricity for the center enters from the ceiling rather than floor to reduce contamination.
    Greg White
  • Large centrifuges spin up to 12 bags of blood at a time to separate blood and plasma.
    Greg White
  • Donated blood begins arriving at the lab around midday and continues until 9:00 p.m., according to Mosaic Magazine.
    Greg White
  • Blood type is further differentiated by up to 600 additional antigens and another marker known as Rh factor.
    Greg White
  • Blue coats must be worn in the "White Room" where the blood is stored.
    Greg White
  • A blood with no known antigens is among the rarest types in the world.
    Greg White
  • Blood comes in four principal types: A, B, AB and O, distinguished by markers on the surface of the red blood cells called antigens
    Greg White
  • The lab stores rare blood types common to fewer than one in 10,000 people. The blood is donated from all over Britain.
    Greg White
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