Men Likely to Put Off the Doctor

Maybe it's just a guy thing. Men duck doctors when sick and avoid checkups when well.

"Study after study has shown that men are more reluctant to face up to worrisome symptoms or go to the doctor for checkups," says Dr. Timothy Johnson, ABCNEWS' medical editor. "And that is probably one big reason why men's life expectancy, which in the early 1900s was virtually the same for both sexes, now lags behind women's by approximately six years."

Men are also less likely to see themselves as susceptible to disease or injury when, in fact, they are more susceptible, says Dr. Will Courtenay, director of Men's Health Consulting in Berkeley, Calif., a lecturer at Harvard Medical School and editor of the International Journal of Men's Health.

A woman's lifetime risk for cancer is one in three, for example, while a man's is one in two. "Compared to women, men have higher death rates for all top 10 leading causes of death," says Courtenay.

Excuses, Excuses, Excuses

So what is it about a visit with a "white coat" that has men dragging their heels?

Perhaps just what patient David Hutson described to ABCNEWS' Good Morning America as a typical visit: "Doctor's offices are so cold, you have to get naked, and then stare at diagrams that make you feel like an idiot."

"Many say they're 'too busy,' 'they feel good,' and that's there's 'nothing wrong with them,' " says Dr. Neil Coleman, a family physician with HealthWise Medical Associates in Vernon, Conn.

Others see it as a waste of time and money, a problem magnified by the fact that "men are less likely than women to have health insurance," says Courtenay.

"To make sure I'm not dying, I give blood several times a year. They check my blood pressure and pulse. Who needs the doctor?" Brian Flynn tells Good Morning America.

Agrees Hutson: "The best thing a doctor can tell you is 'You are fine.' So, for all the effort, the best result is 'You're OK', which you probably figured anyway. Why do I need a doctor?"

And finally, there are those like Eduardo Monjardim Pussar, 38, of New York, who opt for the "What I don't know can't hurt me" approach.

"I don't want to find out I'm going to have to deal with something that would disrupt my life," he says. "Once I get into a routine and like it, I don't want to make any lifestyle changes."

The ‘Boy Code’

Experts on the male psyche suggest the reason men put off seeing the doctor is more than time or money, and perhaps a deep-rooted, inherent sense of what it means to be a boy.

It seems that from the moment a newborn male is swaddled in a blue blanket, he begins to learn the "boy code," a term coined by Dr. William Pollack, director of the Center for Men and Young Men at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Mass., and assistant clinical professor in the department of psychiatry.

The boy code teaches young males to be rough and tough. "Research also shows boys are discouraged from seeking help and are often punished when they do," agrees Courtenay. Boys come to believe they should slough off pain and just play through it, an ideal that is hammered in by coaches, fathers and sports heroes.

The Uncomfortable Visits

The men who do put aside their pride and fear to visit the doctor (often to silence relentless pleas from friends and family) report feeling "put down and ashamed," says Pollack.

And it's not just the backless gown.

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