The Sentinelese gained a fair amount of notoriety when, during the media attention that followed the 2004 Tsunami, tribesmen were seen shooting arrows at hovering helicopters. They are known for their fierce resistance to contact with all outsiders. They also live on one of the most remote islands.
For these reasons they have managed, more than any other tribe, to continue to live a traditional way of life.
The Jarawa have had a harder time. The Indian government had plans at one point to forcibly remove them from the island they inhabited to make way for logging. But because of pressure from activist organizations, the government instead enacted official policy in 2004 to protect the Jarawa and allow them to live their traditional way of life on their own land.
The Jarawa are now an estimated 320 strong. Their greatest threat comes from local people and Burmese immigrants who enter the Jarawa reserve to poach their animals.
The Onge are considered the most vulnerable. They number less than one hundred and have lost most of their land to logging and colonization. Activist organizations are hoping the Indian government will move to protect the Onge as it has the Jarawa and not move them as it moved the Bo.
Professor Abbi said Boa Sr always wanted to go home. "She missed the place she was born in and grew up," she said. "She missed her home. for every culture, there is no place like home."