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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    A car arrives at the headquarters of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, OPCW, Sept. 27, 2013 in The Hague, Netherlands. The OPCW were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize Oct. 11, 2013.
    Peter Dejong/AP Photo
  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso reacts as he received flowers by Norway's ambassador to the EU Atle Leikvoll, after the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize was given to the EU, at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Friday, Oct. 12, 2012.
    Yves Logghe/AP Photo
  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Liu Xiaobo was the first Chinese citizen residing in China to win the Nobel Peace Prize, awarded in 2010 "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China," according to the Nobel Foundation. He was imprisoned in 2008 and after winning the award, the Chinese government denied requests for his relatives to attend the presentation ceremony. Liu Xiaobo remains in prison.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    President Barack Obama poses with his medal and diploma during the Nobel Peace prize award ceremony in Oslo, Dec. 10, 2009. The Nobel Foundation announced Obama was awarded the prize "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."
    Bjorn Sigurdson/AFP/Getty Images
  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Egyption President Anwar al-Sadat, left, and Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin, right, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for their contribution to the peace agreements between Egypt and Israel. In 2002, Jimmy Carter also received the Nobel Peace Prize for his decades of diplomatic work.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, left, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, center, and Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin display their Nobel Peace Prizes on Dec. 10, 1994. The three men were awarded the prize for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Nelson Mandela raises his fist as he speaks to a crowded stadium in Soweto, South Africa, after his release from prison, Feb 11, 1990. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, jointly with Frederik Willem de Klerk, then president of South Africa, for his participation in the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi speaks at a press conference under a flag of her National League for Democracy in Yangon, Myanmar. Suu Kyi received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 in recognition of her struggle for democracy. After decades of oppression and house arrest in her country, she was released in 2012 and elected to parliament.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Mikhail Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for his work ending Cold War tensions and efforts to democratize his country's political system.
    Micheline Pelletier/Sygma/Corbis
  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    The exiled Buddhist monk and political leader of Tibet, the Dalai Lama, was the 1989 winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Desmond Tutu, a South African human rights activist, rose to fame as an opponent of apartheid. Tutu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Lech Walesa is carried by fellow shipyard workers all the way to the Unknown Soldier's grave after the official and legal meeting founding Poland's first independent trade union, Solidarnosc (Solidarity), in Warsaw in 1980. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Mother Teresa is pictured with children from the orphanage she founded in Calcutta, India. Mother Teresa -- Agnes Gonxha Boyaxihu, the Roman Catholic Albanian nun revered as India's "Saint of the Slums"-- was awarded the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    Dr. Andrei Sakharov and his wife, Yelena Bonner, are pictured March 31, 1987, in Moscow. The father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, Sakharov became concerned for the implications of his work and led him to become an activist, raising awareness of the dangers of nuclear arms and abuse of its power. He was awarded the Peace Prize in 1975.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    It was a controversial decision to award the Nobel Peace Prize to Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho in 1973. Kissinger received the award jointly with Le Duc Tho for their diplomatic effort in the Paris Peace Accords. Le Duc Tho declined the prize.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    The winner in 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was the youngest man awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, at age 35. Martin Luther King waves to supporters on the Mall in Washington, D.C., after delivering his famous "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington, Aug. 28, 1963.
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  • Nobel Peace Prize Winners

    In 1931, Jane Addams was the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. A famous social worker, Jane Addams appears with a little girl at the 40th anniversary of Hull House in Chicago, an institution considered a paragon of settlement houses.
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