In a bid to shut down the main refugee route through Europe, E.U. leaders today reached a controversial draft agreement that would deport many asylum seekers back to Turkey.
Under the deal, refugees and asylum seekers who arrive in Greece after midnight Sunday will be sent back to Turkey, a non-European Union member state, if their asylum claim is rejected.
In return, the E.U. may reward Turkey with more financial assistance, visa-free travel and possible progress in its E.U. membership bid. The deal now heads to the desks of the 28 E.U. leaders, but major practical and legal questions remain.
Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka tweeted from inside the meeting today: "Agreement with Turkey approved. All illegal migrants who arrive to Greece from Turkey starting March 20 will be returned!"
Dohoda s Tureckem schválena. Všichni nelegální migranti, kterí dorazí do Recka z Turecka pocínaje 20.3. budou vráceni zpet! #EUCO— Bohuslav Sobotka (@SlavekSobotka) March 18, 2016
The president of the European Council, Donald Tusk, tweeted that the decision was unanimous.
Now unanimous agreement between all EU HoSG and Turkey's PM on EU-Turkey Statement— Donald Tusk (@eucopresident) March 18, 2016
More than 1.1 million refugees and asylum seekers arrived in Europe in 2015, according to the United Nations, and Turkey hosts more Syrian refugees than any other country. According to the head of the International Rescue Committee, "there are more Syrian refugees in Istanbul alone than there are in the rest of Europe."
"At a time when Turkey is hosting three million, those who are unable to find space for a handful of refugees, who in the middle of Europe keep these innocents in shameful conditions, must first look at themselves," Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said today.
Erdogan added that Europe was "dancing in a minefield," and it should look internally before telling Turkey what to do.
The United Nations' refugee body, UNHCR, says 143,634 refugees have arrived in Greece from Turkey just this year alone. But many don't have proper asylum paperwork and the resettling process has been painfully slow.
Last year, the E.U. agreed to resettle 120,000 refugees and asylum seekers now in Greece and Italy. Not every E.U. country bought in, and as of this week fewer than 1,000 have been relocated.
Assuming the E.U. leaders approve today's plan, it's unlikely to stem the flow of refugees crossing the Aegean Sea immediately or bring much-needed relief to Greece, where more than 40,000 refugees are stuck, with no way out.
Slammed up against the Macedonian border is the swollen tent camp in Idomeni, Greece, where it has rained everyday for the past 14 days.
No one knows exactly how many refugees and asylum seekers are camped out but non-governmental organizations estimate about 12,000 people are sleeping in tents amid the ankle-deep mud.
The conditions are unbearable and humanitarian workers say the raw sewage running throughout the camp will spread disease quickly. A line of children snaked out of the Doctors Without Borders medical tent, each one coughing severely.
NGOs say thousands of women and children are there alone, and many families have been camped out for up to four weeks. Greek Interior Minister Panagiotis Kouroublis today compared conditions in the camp to a Nazi concentration camp.
"This is a modern day Dachau, the result of the logic of closed borders," he said.
"We're escaping ISIS," one man from Hasaka, Syria told ABC News. "We have doctors and engineers. We are just looking for security and peace."
Another man held up a sign that reads, "if I were a terrorist, I would not flee war. Seeking a decent life is not a crime."
The way forward into greater Europe is blocked by a razor wire fence and the Macedonian police. The way back leads to the Aegean Sea, which is not an option for those who already survived that treacherous boat journey; they've come too far to turn back now.
Earlier this week, ABC News watched thousands of refugees hike 3 miles to the nearby Suva Reka River, hoping to reach Macedonia by avoiding the razor-wire fence.
Several people drowned, but after braving the river, no one crossed into Macedonia successfully.
The Macedonian police detained and deported about 700 people; everyone else was forced to cross the river again and walk back to the soggy camp.
“We want a solution, we cannot take it anymore,” one Syrian mother said as she made the long trek back to Idomeni camp.
She draped her rain coat over her baby in her arms. "What did he do to deserve this?" She asked. "I brought him to Europe to go to school, to live a better life."
"After giving up our hearts for Europe, she added, "I will now die in Europe.”
ABC News’ Nasser Atta and Dada Jovanovic contributed to this report.