Pakistan's Swat Valley: 'The Land of The Terrorists'

A father carries his son's limp body in his arms, the boy's hair matted with blood. Behind them, the twisted remains of the man's home lie scattered in the street after a mortar attack. A piece of the building has pierced his child's skull.

The boy will not survive, like his little sister who died minutes before.

Welcome to Swat, a valley in northwest Pakistan that has been transformed from a tourist haven to a "terror camp." Where there was once a ski resort there are now masked men who dump mutilated bodies in the town square.

Where there was once the most developed district in the area, there are now the destroyed remains of more than 180 schools.

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Where there used to be a progressive valley, women are now threatened with death for shopping alone.

Where there used to be peace, there is now terror.

"Swat used to be called the Switzerland of the East," a resident in Mingors, Swat's main city, tells an ABC News cameraman, refusing to give his name. "And now people call it 'the land of the terrorists.'"

Swat's descent into chaos, which occurred in less than a year and a half, is nearly complete. Nearly every single local politician has moved out after a steady campaign of attacks on their homes and families.

Parents don't feel safe enough to send their children to school. The economy has collapsed and business has evaporated.

The reason why Swat has fallen to the Taliban has become a bit of a blame game, with the local government blaming the military and the military blaming a botched peace deal, the people and the difficult conditions.

Awami National Party Speaks

But there is a widespread belief in Swat that the military has not defeated the militants because the army has struck a deal with them. It is a belief that few people here speak about on the record, but the Awami National Party, which is the coalition leader in the Northwest Frontier Province, agreed to a candid, on-camera interview on the subject.

"At times, when I see the results, the outcomes, I wonder, is this really a professional army, an intelligence force, that is wreaking havoc in the lives of the people?" said Bushra Gohar, the party's senior vice president. "I'm not willing to accept that our military cannot catch a handful of militants and extremists. People's perceptions after several months of operations is that there is a military-militant-mullah alliance."

The military, which has lost 124 soldiers in Swat, angrily denies that, calling it "absurd and preposterous." It says when it first arrived in Swat, in November 2007, it cleaned the valley of militants in five weeks. But a spring 2008 peace deal between the party and the Taliban allowed the militants to return and integrate themselves into society, and the current operation is suffering because of that, the army says.

"It's a very, very slow fight. It's an operation, which has a lot of constraints," said Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas, the army's chief spokesman. "You have to move through the population, and particularly if the population is not coming out in [the] open, not willingly welcoming the army, and is not pointing out which areas the militants are either consolidating or hiding or have taken refuge, then it becomes difficult to actually target the militants."

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