Neo-Nazi attacks reached an all-time high last year, and politicians have now launched new efforts to ban the NPD. But legal experts warn that there are major hurdles, and another failure would be a huge embarrassment for the state.
Others like Luthardt, the party defector, warn about the neo-Nazis' real aim to kick out all foreigners so Germans will have jobs again. "They want the Jews and the foreigners to be transported away once they've taken over the country again," he said. "That's what they're talking about when no outsiders are listening. But there are strict rules that clearly state how everyone should behave in public.
"Anything to do with the Third Reich is especially sensitive and they dream of a Fourth Reich. They are totally convinced that they'll win an election one day, and that things will really get going for them. Everyone can imagine what would happen then."