Adolf Hitler described her as the "most dangerous woman in Europe," primarily because of her positive effect on public morale.
Known for her remarkable energy, the Queen Mother still carries out many public engagements, although the number has steadily decreased over the years. She is the patron or president of almost 350 organizations.
Her health has always been generally good, although she has suffered from age-related problems. She has endured two hip replacement operations: the first in 1995 and the second in 1997. She has also suffered from persistent ulcers on her left leg, which is usually bound up in bandages. In November 2000, she fractured her collarbone in a fall at her London home.
"The Queen Mother never gives in," says royal biographer Christopher Warwick. "That should be the motto for her life."