Terror in the UK: A timeline of recent attacks

PHOTO: Police forensic officers walk within a cordon near where an incident happened at Parsons Green subway station in London, Sept. 15, 2017.PlayKirsty Wigglesworth/AP
WATCH Terror in the UK: A timeline of recent attacks

An explosion on a London Underground train at rush hour Friday morning that injured at least 22 people is being treated as a terror attack, authorities said.

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The British people have endured multiple politically motivated attacks, attacks by right-wing extremists and attacks by Islamic extremists over the last few decades.

April 1999: David Copeland bombings

David Copeland was convicted in 2000 of killing three people and injuring 139 others after perpetrating a series of nail-bombing attacks that took place across the month of April 1999, according to reports by BBC News.

He was given six life sentences for his crimes.

Copeland, who belonged to far right-wing fascist groups according to a report in The Independent, targeted black, South Asian and gay Londoners in his plot.

PHOTO: The remains of a double-decker bus after a bomb exploded in Woburn Place and Tavistock Square in London, July 7, 2005. Explosions ripped through three underground trains and a bus in London in a wave of terrorist attacks. Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images
The remains of a double-decker bus after a bomb exploded in Woburn Place and Tavistock Square in London, July 7, 2005. Explosions ripped through three underground trains and a bus in London in a wave of "terrorist attacks."

July 7, 2005: London Underground attack

Four suicide bombers armed with "rucksacks full of explosives" attacked civilians traveling on London Underground trains as well as a double-decker bus on the morning of July 7, 2005. More than 50 people were killed and hundreds of others were injured, according to a report by BBC News.

Mohammad Sidique Khan, 30, Shehzad Tanweer, 22, Hasib Hussain, 18, and Germaine Lindsay, 19, carried out the attacks, according to the BBC.

The attackers were motivated by Islamic extremism, and Khan recorded a video prior to carrying out the attacks in which he praised al-Qaeda founder Osama bin Laden.

PHOTO: A single cross lies on the pavement at the scene where Lee Rigby, a soldier of the 2nd Battalion the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, was killed on May 24, 2013 in London.Dan Kitwood/Getty Images
A single cross lies on the pavement at the scene where Lee Rigby, a soldier of the 2nd Battalion the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, was killed on May 24, 2013 in London.

May 22, 2013: Murder of Lee Rigby

Two Islamic extremists savagely murdered Lee Rigby, a British soldier and veteran of the Afghanistan War, just outside an army barrack, telling eyewitnesses the killing was "as an eye for an eye ... because Muslims are dying by British soldiers every day," according to ABC News reporting from that time.

The killers, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale, first ran over Rigby in a car then dragged him into the middle of the street in the South London neighborhood of Woolwich.

There, they hacked him to death with large knives, according to eyewitnesses.

Adebolajo and Adebowale were sentenced to life in prison in December of 2013, according to a report by BBC News.

PHOTO: Police officers and crime scene investigators investigate a crime scene at Leytonstone tube station in east London on Dec. 05, 2015, after a man was seriously injured in a knife attack.Tolga Akmen/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
Police officers and crime scene investigators investigate a crime scene at Leytonstone tube station in east London on Dec. 05, 2015, after a man was seriously injured in a knife attack.

Dec. 5, 2015: Leytonstone knife attack


Shortly after the Paris attacks in November of 2015, a 29-year-old man, Muhaydin Mire, was restrained and arrested for attempted murder after trying to stab people in the Leytonstone metro station with a knife.

The attack left a 56-year-old man in the hospital with serious but not life-threatening knife injuries, and a second man suffered minor injuries but did not require medical assistance, police said, according to an ABC News report at the time.

Mire, a former Uber driver with a history of mental health issues, had an interest in the terror group ISIS, according to a report in The Standard.

He pleaded guilty to attempted murder in 2016.

PHOTO: Labour Member of Parliament Jo Cox poses for a photograph, May 12, 2015. Yui Mok/AP Photo
Labour Member of Parliament Jo Cox poses for a photograph, May 12, 2015.

June 16, 2016: Assassination of Jo Cox

Jo Cox, a British member of Parliament, was killed in broad daylight after a town hall meeting at a library in West Yorkshire, England, one week prior to the Brexit referendum, according to ABC News' reporting from last summer.

Her killer, Thomas Mair, was a longtime supporter of a U.S.-based neo-Nazi organization, according to a watchdog group that tracks extremists. The Guardian reported that he had an interest in Nazism.

Mair is serving a life sentence for the crime.

PHOTO: Emergency services assist a person on the ground at the scene of an incident outside the Palace of Westminster in London, March 22, 2017.Stefan Rousseau/PA via AP
Emergency services assist a person on the ground at the scene of an incident outside the Palace of Westminster in London, March 22, 2017.

March 22, 2017: Westminster Bridge attack

Three people were killed, including a police officer, and at least 29 people were hospitalized following an attack in London that took place earlier this year.

The attack began when a driver struck pedestrians and three police officers on Westminster Bridge, London's Metropolitan Police said.

Richard Tice, a witness, told ABC News that he saw injured people lined up along the pavement. According to Tice, the car jumped the curb, knocking over pedestrians.

The car then crashed into the fence around the Houses of Parliament, and a man armed with a knife attacked an officer who was guarding Parliament, according to police.

The suspect, 52-year-old Briton Khalid Masood, was shot and killed by police.

ISIS called Masood "a soldier of the Islamic State."

PHOTO: Members of the public observe a national minutes silence in remembrance of all those who lost their lives in the Manchester Arena attack, on May 25, 2017, in Manchester.Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images
Members of the public observe a national minute's silence in remembrance of all those who lost their lives in the Manchester Arena attack, on May 25, 2017, in Manchester.

May 23, 2017: Manchester Arena suicide bombing

ISIS claimed responsibility for the deadly explosion at a concert hall in Manchester, England, where American singer Ariana Grande had just finished performing. Twenty-two people died and 59 others were injured in the attack.

The attacker died at the scene at Manchester Arena after using an improvised explosive device, officials said, and it's unclear at this time to what degree, if any, he received assistance from outside actors.

PHOTO: Police attend to an incident on London Bridge in London, on June 3, 2017.Hannah McKay/Reuters
Police attend to an incident on London Bridge in London, on June 3, 2017.

June 3, 2017: London Bridge and Borough Market incidents

Less than two weeks after the Manchester Arena bombing, London's Metropolitan Police Service responded to two "terrorist incidents" following reports of a van plowing into pedestrians on London Bridge, as well as reports of stabbings at the nearby Borough Market.

In a statement, U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May confirmed the incidents are "being treated as a potential act of terrorism."

PHOTO: Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government Sajid Javid (L) speaks to an Imam at the scene of a terror attack in Finsbury Park, June 19, 2017, in London.Carl Court/Getty Images
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government Sajid Javid (L) speaks to an Imam at the scene of a terror attack in Finsbury Park, June 19, 2017, in London.

June 19, 2017: Finsbury Park mosque attack

One person died and 10 more people were injured after a man drove a van into a crowd gathered after prayers outside a mosque situated in the Finsbury Park area of London.

The attack, which occurred a little more than two weeks after the London Bridge attack, happened shortly after midnight, and affected worshipers during the Muslim religious period of Ramadan.

Prime Minister May called the attack "every bit as sickening as those have come before" and said "evil of this kind will never succeed," after holding an emergency meeting to coordinate the government's response at 10 Downing Street.

London mayor Sadiq Khan called the incident a "horrific terrorist attack."

PHOTO: Police vehicles are seen in a video posted to social media after reports of an assault on a police officer outside Buckingham Palace in London, Aug. 25, 2017.@Amir_Jan_Malik/Twitter
Police vehicles are seen in a video posted to social media after reports of an assault on a police officer outside Buckingham Palace in London, Aug. 25, 2017.

Aug. 25, 2017: Buckingham Palace assault

A 26-year-old man was arrested near Buckingham Palace in London for allegedly assaulting two police officers.

According to London's Metropolitan Police Service, the man stopped his car at approximately 8:35 p.m. local time in a restricted area near a police vehicle on the Mall, a tree-lined royal road leading from Trafalgar Square to Buckingham Palace.

"Officers at the Mall spotted a large bladed weapon in his vehicle and went to arrest him," police said in a statement.

During the course of detaining the man, two male police officers suffered minor injuries to their arm. The suspect was also treated for minor injuries.

There were no other reported injuries.

A few hours after the incident, the Metropolitan Police Service announced that detectives from its Counter Terrorism Command were investigating.

PHOTO: Emergency services tend to an injured woman following a blast on an underground train at Parsons Green tube station in West London, Sept. 15, 2017, in an image posted to social media.Gustavo Viera via Reuters
Emergency services tend to an injured woman following a blast on an underground train at Parsons Green tube station in West London, Sept. 15, 2017, in an image posted to social media.

Sept. 15, 2017: Parsons Green tube attack

A rush-hour blast rocked a subway car as the train was pulling into the Parsons Green station in West London.

The improvised explosive device on the train did not fully explode, according to London's Metropolitan Police Service.

Police said the incident is being treated as a terrorist incident.

The London Ambulance Service said it transported 22 people to the hospital, but none of the injuries were serious or life-threatening.

Prime Minister May said after an emergency Cabinet meeting that the nation's threat level is at "severe." The public should remain vigilant, she said.

A British government official said the incident is being treated as a terror attack but so far it appears to be an isolated incident.

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