Repealing the "don't ask, don't tell" policy that bans gays and lesbians from serving openly in the military is unlikely to hurt the effectiveness of troops engaged in combat, according to a Pentagon review released today.
"The risk of repeal of don't ask, don't tell to overall military effectiveness is low," the report says. "We conclude that while a repeal of DADT will likely in the short term bring out some limited and isolated disruption to unit cohesion and retention, we do not believe this disruption will be widespread or long-lasting, and can be adequately addressed.
"Widespread attitude among a solid majority of service members is that repeal ... will not have a negative impact on their ability to conduct their military mission," it says.
The report, based on responses from 115,000 service members and 44,266 spouses, includes interviews with former gay or lesbian service members, some of whom were discharged from the military under the "don't ask, don't tell" policy.
Of those surveyed, 69 percent said they had served with a gay service member and 92 percent of those respondents said they were able to work together.
Fifty to 55 percent of those surveyed said the repeal won't have any effect, 15 to 20 percent said it would have a positive effect and 30 percent said the effect would be negative.
The report also concluded that encounters with gay service members are common.
"The reality is that there are gay men and lesbians already serving in today's U.S. military and most service members recognize this," the report states. "Much of the concern about open service is driven by misperceptions and stereotypes about what it would mean."
The survey was conducted by Westat, a well-regarded firm that does large-scale surveys for the government and other clients.
President Obama said the Pentagon review confirms the military is ready and able to end "don't ask don't tell" -- a policy which he has called divisive.
"This report also confirms that, by every measure—from unit cohesion to recruitment and retention to family readiness—we can transition to a new policy in a responsible manner that ensures our military strength and national security," he said in a statement. "As Commander in Chief, I have pledged to repeal the "don't ask, don't tell" law because it weakens our national security, diminishes our military readiness, and violates fundamental American principles of fairness and equality by preventing patriotic Americans who are gay from serving openly in our armed forces."
Gay and lesbian advocacy groups also praised the working group's findings, saying they confirmed what many social scientists have been saying for decades.
"The only remaining rationale for 'don't ask, don't tell' is prejudice," a group of 30 scholars and professors affiliated with the Palm Center, a University of California think tank that has advocated for repeal, said in a statement. "In light of the report's findings, this month's debate in Congress is about one thing and one thing only: will prejudice continue to determine military policy or not?"
Still, some supporters of the ban on openly gay troops insist it is essential to preserve unit cohesion and combat effectiveness at a time when the U.S. is engaged in two wars.