Obama Discusses American Jobs at Amazon Warehouse

The president visits Internet giant's distribution facility to discuss his future economic plans.
47:30 | 07/30/13

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Transcript for Obama Discusses American Jobs at Amazon Warehouse
This is a special report from ABC news. I'm Dan company -- and ABC news digital special report when taken at a Chattanooga Tennessee with -- president is addressing a crowd at an Amazon's fulfillment center just haven't announced. 5000 employees will be hired in the short future let's listen to the press. Just one little corner. Of this massive -- -- what did football fields. Last year there in the -- today the Christmas rush. Customers around the world ordered more than 300. Items from Amazon every second. And a lot of those traveled through this bill. -- -- -- -- The North Pole of the south right here. Got a bunch of good look at elves -- Before we start I want to recognize the general -- manager Mike Thomas. And in your vice president Dick Clark. And you. One of the finest gentlemen I know your congressman Jim Cooper -- Is that governor today to talk a little more about something that I. I was discussing last week. And that's what we need to do. As a country. To secure a better bargain. For middle class. A national strategy to make sure that -- Every single person who's willing to work -- -- in this country had a chance to succeed in the morning percent 3COM. -- you're from lettuce so you know. Because many of you went through it over the past four after years. We've been fighting our way back from the worst recession since the Great Depression. And it cost millions of Americans their jobs in their homes and their savings. And part of what it did was it it laid bare the long term erosion that's been happening. When it comes to middle class secured. But because the American people are resilient -- bounced backed. Together. We righted the ship we took on a broken health care system. We invested new American technologies to reverse our addiction to foreign oil. Change the tax code -- become tilted too much in favor the wealthy at the expense of working families. -- an auto industry. And thanks to GM the UAW working together we're bringing jobs back. Back here to America. -- -- another work in the Spring Hill for on the job today. Where -- plant was once close. Today our business have created seven point two million new jobs over the last forty months. This year were off to our best private sector jobs growth. Since 1990 -- We now sell more products made in America the rest of the world. Than ever before it. We produce more renewable energy than ever before we produce more natural gas. -- -- than anybody else in the world. Health care costs are growing of the slowest rate in fifty years our deficits are falling of the fastest rate. In sixty years. So thanks to -- Morgan folks like you. Thanks to the grit and resilience of the American people. We've been able to clear away get some of the rubble from the financial crisis. We startling new foundation. For a stronger. More durable. America. The cut economic growth that's brought begs the foundation required to make this century another American centric. But. As I said last week and as every middle class family will telling. We're not there yet. Even before the financial crisis -- we were going through a decade where a few of the top we're -- better and better. But most families -- harder and harder just to get -- And reversing that trend. Should be Washington's highest priority. It's -- priority. But so far for most of this year we've seen an endless parade of distractions and political -- Posturing and phony scandals and we keep on shifting away. Are shifting our attention away from. What we should be focused on which is how do we strengthen the middle class and grow the economy for everybody. And as Washington. Heads toward yet another budget debate. The stakes couldn't be higher and that's why -- visiting cities and towns like this. To lay out my ideas for how we can build on the cornerstone of what it means to beat middle class in America. A good job of good -- A good education. -- home to call your -- -- -- How secure over a secure retirement. Even if you're not rich. More chances for folks to turn them. No way into the middle class is -- and the woman worked for. And most importantly the chance to pass on a better future for our kids. Doing a series of speeches over the next several weeks -- came to Chattanooga today to talk about the first and most important cornerstone. Middle class security and that's a good job in a durable growing industry. It's hard hit. The other still going if you don't have good job. And the truth is -- -- going to be talking about over the next several weeks really is about jobs. God preparing our children our workers for the global competition they'll face that's all about jobs. Housing finance system makes it easier -- to buy and build new homes that's about jobs in the construction industry. Health care that. Frees you from the fear of losing everything after -- worked so hard and then having the freedom of maybe you start your own business because you know your -- to get health care. That's about jobs. And -- -- retirement benefits speak to the quality of our jobs. And and and and let me let me say this -- everybody here understands. Jobs. Are -- more than just paying the -- Jobs or about more than just statistics. No we've never justified having a job as having a paycheck here in America. For jobs is a source of pride. As a source of dignity. If so it's the way it looked after a family. It's proof that you're -- the right thing. -- and meeting your responsibilities. And contributing to the fabric of your community and helping to build the country that's what -- jobs all about. It's not just about a paycheck. Has not just about paying the bills it's also about no one minute window on the board. That accounts. So we should be doing everything we can't as a country. To create more good jobs that pay good wages here. Thank said there -- The problem is not that we don't have ideas about how we could create even more jobs we've got a lot of ideas -- there. There -- plenty of independent economists plenty of business owners people from both parties. Agree on some of ingredients that we need for creating good jobs. And you've heard them debated again and again over these past few years. I've proposed a lot of these ideas. Myself just two years ago I announced the American jobs that -- -- -- that every independent economists said would create more jobs. Some were passed by congress. But I gotta admit most -- work. Sometimes your ideas that historically had Republican support for some -- on the Republican that -- supported many more. Putting people back to work rebuilding America's infrastructure. Equipping our kids -- workers -- math skills. Leading the world in scientific research that helps to pave the way for new jobs and new industries. Accelerating our clean energy and natural gas revolutions. Fixing a broken immigration system. So that. So that American workers are undercut undermined because some businesses are unscrupulous and an -- folks -- not paying them. Decent -- Independent economists today. Immigration reform would boost our economy by more drove by Morton a trillion dollars. So so we've got ideas out there. We know can work. And if we don't make these investments and we don't make these reforms. That we might as -- -- -- in the white flag for the rest of the world because they're moving forward they're not slowing down. China. Germany in the other third. And we can't just sit by and do nothing. Doing nothing doesn't help the middle class. -- So today I came here to offer. A framework that. Might help break through some of the political logjam in Washington try to get congress to start moving on some of these proven ideas but. But but let me briefly outlined some of the areas I think we need to focus on we want to create good jobs with good wages. In durable industries. There is little fuel our future growth. Number one. Jobs and American manufacturers. You know over the past. Over the past four years for the first time since 1990s the number of manufacturing. Jobs in America hasn't gone down it's actually gone up. The trend lines are good. Now we've got to build on that progress. Offer new incentives for manufacturers. Not to ship jobs overseas but to bring him back here to America. I want new tax credits so communities hit hardest by plant closures. Could attract new investment. In my State of the Union Address. I asked congress to build a successful pilot program we've set up we want to create. Not just fifteen manufacturing -- a -- patient institutes that connect businesses and universities and federal agencies. To help communities left behind by global competition. To become centers of high tech jobs. Today -- asking congress to build on this bipartisan support. And and triple that number from fifteen to 45 these hubs. Where we're getting business -- university -- communities all the work together to develop. Senators of high tech industry is all throughout the United States. That that allow us to be at the forefront of the next revolution a manufacturing. I want it made here in the United States of America I don't want that. Number two. I talked about this last week jobs rebuilding our infrastructure. You don't. I look at this may have been resilient and you guys that you don't miss a beat I mean you got these packages coming up. You've got dog food and should go some. Beard tremors and look at this up around here. But. Once it's -- It's got to get the customer. And how quickly and how dependable -- -- -- customer depends on. Do we have good roads doing -- good bridges we have state of the art airports. We've got about two trillion dollars of deferred maintenance here in this country. So let's put more construction workers back on the job doing the work America needs done. Is a -- projects. That -- main businesses all across the governing. Like widening -- 27 your agenda of -- bill -- that I visited last week. These -- projects vital to our national pride. You know we're going to be breaking ground this week at the Saint Louis arch. You know what. Congress should pass what -- called my fix -- first -- To put people to work immediately. -- our most urgent repairs. Like the 100000. Bridges that are old enough to qualify for Medicare that will create good middle class. Right now. And we should partner with a private sector to upgrade. What businesses like animals -- -- we -- -- a a modern air traffic control system to keep planes running on time. We should have modern power grids and pipelines to survive the storm. We -- -- modern schools. To prepare kids for the. Number three. We need to keep creating good jobs and energy. In wind and solar and natural gas those those new energy sources are reducing energy costs. They're reducing dangerous carbon pollution the reducing our dependence on foreign oil. So does not the time that got investments in American technology. Now the time to double down. -- noble energy and biofuels and electric vehicles and and to put money into the research little shift our cars and trucks off oil for good. Cheaper. Cost of natural gas. Is a huge boost to our businesses here in America so we should develop an even more we got a good way the protects our air our water. For our children and future generations but we can do. We got the technology to do it. Number full. We got -- export won't. We want to send American goods all around the world. You don't a year ago I signed a new trade agreement with Korea. Because there were some lot of Hyundai is here but we weren't -- a lot of it GM cars over there. Since we signed that deal are Big Three auto makers. Are selling 18% more cars and three of them they want. Now we got -- -- businesses do the same thing. I'm asking congress for the authority to negotiate the best trade deals possible for our workers. And combine it with a robust training and assistance measures to make sure our workers have the support and the skills they need for this new global competition. We're gonna have to sharpen our competitive edge in the global job market place. You know two years ago we created something called -- USA. The coordinated effort to attract more companies looking to invest and create jobs here in the United States. And today I'm directing my cabinet to expand these efforts. In this October on them bring business leaders from around the world. And I'm gonna connect from the state leaders and local leaders like your mayor who are ready to prove. Better place to. Less than right here in the United States -- Number five. -- -- more. Bad. Let's do more to help the more than four million long term unemployed Americans that are out there. You don't want one and one of the problems that happens is a lot of folks may lose their jobs during this really bad recession. And through no fault of their own. They've got what it takes to fill that job opening. But because they've been out of work so long employers won't even give their application -- -- look. So I'm challenging CEOs. To do more to get these Americans. Back on their -- I'm gonna bring together the CEO's in companies that are putting in place on the best practices for recruiting and training and hiring. Workers who've been out of work for a long time but want the chance to show. That they -- ready go back to work. At the same time I'm calling on our businesses to do more for their workers. Out of what's possible what you're doing here -- Amazon -- your career choice program. Pays 95% of tuition for employees who want to -- skills in fields when vitamin. Not just by the way jobs here -- on the job anyway computer aided -- Or -- and not talk to -- made those yesterday and he was so proud of the fact that he wants to see every employee and Amazon. Continually upgrade their skills and improve and if they've got a dream they want to pursue. Have someone felt -- for so. That's the kind of approach that we need from America's veterans. Offering training programs health care retirement plans paying better wages that's not just the right thing to do it's actually good. For your bottom line. A recent study shows that when a company makes the list of the hundred best companies to work for an America. Its share price. Up performs its competitors. Because. Help the stock market and investors they know -- a cable company has employed that are motivated and happy. That business is more likely to succeed. Because nobody. Who works full time in America should have to live in poverty I'm gonna keep on making the case and fighting. For the fact that we need to raise our minimum wage. -- when you. It -- when folks have more money in the pockets that's good -- -- Your customers have a little more money. In order a little. More of that protein -- I've noticed a lot of folks word broke the -- beside the bulk up. So here's. Some -- that is that what we're out there were promoting. We're not lacking for ideas work we're just. We're just lacking action especially -- -- Washington. -- for most of the past two years. Washington -- just taken its eye off the ball when it comes to the middle class. I'll tell you look very good growing number of the good news is there a growing number of Republican senators. We're trying to work -- what Democrats do to get some stuff done. That's good news. The rather than keep. Our focus on what should be our priority which is growing our economy and creating good middle class jobs recent certain faction Republicans in congress. Hurt a fragile recovery by saying that they wouldn't -- very bill the congress racked up in the first place. Threatening to shut down the people's government -- they can't get rid of Obama care. Instead of reducing our deficits with a scalpel to get rid of programs we don't need but -- Vital investments that we don't. You know this same broke it has kept in place this meat cleaver called sequester. That is just slashing. All kinds of important investments in education and research and our military. All the things that are needed to make this country a magnet for good middle class jobs. Most things are being cut. -- don't just hurt our economy in the long term. They are our middle class right now. The independent Congressional Budget Office estimates that the cuts that are being made right now Washington. Will cost our economy 750000. Jobs this year. 900000. Fewer jobs next year. And a lot of jobs at -- small businesses -- contract with our military or federal agencies. Over the past four years another 700000. Workers. At the federal state and local levels government have lost their jobs these are cops and firefighters and about half -- or people who work of our schools. Those are real jobs. That don't help a company like Amazon what a teacher -- -- firefighter. Loses their job they don't have money. Took place an order. Of hundreds about the customers who have less money to spend. If those layoffs had not happened if public sector employees grew like. Like -- -- two recessions. The unemployment rate would be six point five instead of seven point but. Our economy would be much better off and the deficit would still be going down because we -- get more tax revenue. So the point is if Washington spend as much time and energy these -- Last two years figuring out how to grow our economy. And grow our middle class and who spent manufacturing crises in pursuit of cut at all costs approach to deficit -- be much better off. -- it's not like we don't. Have to cut deficits as the surely -- we cut our deficit by nearly half since I took office -- And they are projected to go down. And further but there's a right way to do it and a wrong way to do it and we should do -- it away. It actually helps middle class families and -- heart. I've told Republicans that there's there is about a balanced long term fiscal plan. That replaces harmful budget cuts. That that would get serious about a long term plan the prevents those 900000 jobs from -- lost. It helps grow the economy and help the middle class I am ready to go. But we can't lose sight of our north star. We can't allow an impasse over a long term fiscal challenges to distract us from what the middle class needs right now. Here the bottom line. If folks -- -- -- right really won a grand bargain. How about a grand bargain for middle class jobs. Little was done. I don't. I don't wanna go through the same old arguments where I propose an idea there -- me just say no because my idea. -- So it's not a -- offering summoned -- people on both parties should be able to support. A deal that simplifies the tax code for our businesses. And that creates good jobs -- good wages for middle class folks who work of those businesses. Right now -- -- -- our tax go to -- riddled with. Loopholes and special interest tax breaks. That a lot of companies. Who are doing the right thing and investing in America paid 35%. In the taxes. Corporations who got fancy accountants and stash their money overseas they pay little or not -- in Texas. That's not fair. Has not good for the economy here. So. I'm willing to simplify our tax code. Close those loopholes. And incentives to ship jobs overseas. Lowers the rate for businesses that are creating jobs right here in -- -- -- tax incentives for manufacturers that bring jobs home. To the United States. Let's simplify taxes for small business owners give them incentives to invest so they can spend less time filling out. Complicated forms more time expanding and hiring. I'm on the -- all that should help businesses and help them grow. But if we're gonna give businesses a better deal there were also got to give workers a better deal -- -- want to use some of the money that we saying. -- by closing these loopholes. To create more good construction jobs. With infrastructure initiatives that hired talked about. We can build a broader network of hectic manufacturing hubs that leaders from both parties can support. We can help our Community Colleges -- workers with the skills that a global economy demands. All these things would benefit middle class right now and benefit our economy in the years to come. -- again here's the bottom line I'm willing to work with the Republicans on reforming our corporate tax code. As long as we use the money. From transitioning to a -- tax system. For any significant investment in creating middle class jobs. It's gonna keep on throwing ideas out there to see if something takes. Little -- my ideas to give the middle class better shot. But now it's time for Republicans to -- out there -- -- -- got a better plan to bring back more manufacturing jobs -- the Tennessean around the country. Then let them know. It if they got a better planned. To Craig jobs rebuilding our infrastructure. Or help workers -- the high tech skills that they need -- they should offer up these ideas. But I've got to tell you it -- gutting our environmental protection that's not a jobs plan. -- investments in education. That not a jobs plan. The other people -- talking about this. An oil pipeline come down from Canada. That's estimated to -- about fifty permanent jobs. That's I don't plan. What is stated that the country's time. By taking something like forty meaningless vote to repeal. -- Obama here. So let's get -- Rare moment. I don't wanna tell everybody. I wanna tell everybody here the true. Don't look I know that. You know the the politics -- for Obama aren't always -- in Tennessee I understand them. Nobody but but but but but I want I want everybody -- to disappear -- be honest truth I'm on my last campaign so. -- -- The true. There -- no. Gimmicks. -- create jobs. -- -- simple tricks. To grow this. You know -- Growing economy making sure that the middle class is strong it's like getting in -- You know you can't just go on the you know muffin and and -- diet. And and you know that the latest -- And then lose weight you gotta work -- -- -- better right. Well the same is true for economy the same is true for help in the middle class. We've got to have a serious steady long term. American strategy to reverse the long term erosion -- middle class security and give everybody a fair shot. And we know what we have to do. It involves education and involves infrastructure it involves resurgent involves good energy policy. And and and we just have to stay and that. More good jobs that pay decent wages a better bargain for the middle class and economy the gross from the middle out. That's got to be our focus we can't we can't be given a whole bunch of fans and pretend -- you know. -- roll back obamacare and suddenly it all these jobs are going to be greater because the middle class was struggling. Before -- came in office. Was losing ground before -- came and jobs -- goods shipped overseas. But there -- obamacare was in place. So we got -- we got -- honest about about the challenges we face but also the opportunities that are out there. And that's what I'm going to be focused on not just for the next few months and be focused for every one of the 12170. -- that -- left in my presidency on how to make sure that we've got more opportunity and more security for everybody. President -- you're pretty fired up crowd Chattanooga Tennessee had a distribution plants there Amazon Amazon. Just announcing yesterday that it was gonna -- total 7000. Employees 5000. Cross country the president using that backdrop today. To outline the grand bargain an economic plan. There's a proposition of cutting corporate taxes and exchange then that money being used to invest in employee. The president is making right outside of the distribution plan I wanna go to Washington DC. Where ABC's neighbors any outside the White House and -- I want to talk a little bit about some of the details from this grand plan because as the White House had promised. We will get a little bit more of them today is that we heard from this pitch. It's trying to offer Republicans -- deal that he hopes they can't refuse he's outlined this new quote unquote grand bargain which as you mentioned. Is -- planted to suggest that we reform the corporate tax code in exchange for funding for programs to boost job creation to boost the middle class. This grand bargain before used to refer to a deal. That was in the works to -- reduce the deficit by increasing tax cuts -- just getting increasing tax rates in exchange -- for spending -- that no matter -- anyway -- now the president is offering a new grand -- in an attempt to get Republican -- compromise but really this is an attempt by the White House the president to trying to get out -- -- he has been over the last two -- in making these -- -- -- -- -- -- the economic debate before these new debt and deficit negotiations begin this fall in. And so -- the Republicans cannot -- -- Well and I wanted to talk about that because before the president spoke the debate was already going on in Washington and I. Critic -- midstream in fact with a couple of tweets back and forth. Between the White House. And the Republicans this week are from Brendan buck Republican speaker John Boehner spokesman who -- tweeted this. Let's all focus on the White House grand bargain is that your restatement of things the White House -- and we've long opposed. In response to that. White house Press Secretary Jay Carney shot back with this weight at Brendan buck are -- GOP has long opposed this tax reform and middle class jobs or. Just -- GOP opposes whatever Obama is for. So the question Mary is how did things go from there. Essentially down -- and now this speech in Chattanooga. Before the president even delivered his remarks both sides -- slinging -- back and forth. -- essentially saying that this grand bargain isn't much of a bargain at all. Now we should say that both sides do agree to corporate tax or -- I -- that's kind of shocking that they might agree to anything. But the Republicans are saying the corporate tax reform have to be paired with individual tax reform. Otherwise it could harm small businesses thank you mention where the debate went from their Brendan back into back to. -- to Press Secretary Jay Carney any said that that the White House knows they've long opposed doing just corporate tax reform and that they know that because that was the Republican response the last time the president tried. To put forward his proposal so once again we have a very on -- elevated dialogue going on here in Washington online and you wonder why people. Like a little tired of politicians sometimes. Elevated only by a 140 characters speed limit on that -- -- -- and I want to ask you about this because obviously nothing happens just by chance from the White House or anything that comes out of Washington DC. The president obviously not spoken. At this Amazon distribution center in Chattanooga he's doing interviews with Amazon's Kindle singles. So the question is does the White House consider Amazon's planet a model than for other American companies. The timing is quite convenient and you -- yet at the White House does I think their highlighting Amazon here's an example of -- a good model going forward you mention that they announced 7000 new jobs will be created. At Amazon -- through these kind of the film and processing centers but also through some of there. Their sales divisions. But keep in mind that -- -- announced it was time to the president's visit it wasn't necessarily due to any of his policies so the president is highlighting this is a model going forward but it's. Not clear how much of their growth and their their job creation had to do with what the president actually been doing in announcing here today. ABC's Mary Bruce house by the White House Mary thank you for that I wanna go a little north now in the country up to Pennsylvania where we're joined by -- -- business reporter from the morning call in Allentown Pennsylvania. Mr. silver's been reporting on Amazon for a number of years now he's got a unique understanding of the working conditions in the company's fulfillment centers. And Spencer I want to take a look at some of the language. From the most recent job pitch made by Amazon the company saying quote. Median pay inside Amazon fulfillment centers is 30% higher than that people who work in traditional retail stores. They also continue -- -- We offer programs like career choice where will pay for up to 95%. Of eligible employees tuition regardless of whether the skills they learn a relevant. To a career. At Amazon. On that -- a two part question the first being in this one the information it is that accurate and that more broadly how does that the total that press release. -- with the culture inside some of these works matters. Well the first thing I'd say it's not that they're comparing warehouse jobs to retail jobs and I think the reason they're doing that is because. They did not disclose what it pays on average -- all these places I was able to see that the pace of the Amazon jobs warehouse jobs in the Allentown area. Are twelve dollars an hour. That's about two dollars an hour below the median pay for similar warehouse jobs -- our area so they are not comparing the wages that they're prepared to pay to the industry median. They are comparing it to another industry. And let me ask you this then Amazon discusses median pay. -- that you're talking for other jobs in that particular area in Allentown. You're saying it's really more being related to -- retail aspect cannot necessarily. A warehouse or manufacturing aspect. Yes -- he's never said -- -- pays 30% more than retail jobs. These are not retail jobs. These are warehouse jobs. This is not like working the sales floor at JC Penney. You are working in a warehouse. In the pay is below median for the type of position they're providing. -- few because obviously retail employment is something that I think a lot of people can rent -- because the fact simply we go into stores and we buy things and we see. It is sales associates or stockroom employees carry out their duties that we may have a good sense of what happens -- -- -- a -- but fulfillment senators. Someone of a mystery just given the fact that there is such a huge volume and we look at this video and it. Is sort of mind boggling about how much commerce actually takes place. I an online retailing but if you can give us a sense describe a day's work in a fulfillment -- there. So why are between ten and fifteen miles even possibly more of -- out you know hundreds and hundreds of items. So basically that difference is if you go to retail store you have a car you're doing your shopping. When you order from -- someone is pushing that -- around for you and many other people as well. I want to ask of a little bit of bouts. -- Assembly facility and admit that -- -- -- were brought up by Amazon's and that they would hire 5000 employees 2000 will be customer service 5000 in there. Fulfillment center is. Of these positions that are being created how many then could achieve full time employment -- these temporary positions. That that's very good question and that's something that Amazon has been reluctant to answer. Amazon relies very heavily on temporary. Employees. Three days -- very nature of their business is seasonal most of their orders come during the busy holiday shopping season. They will about double the staffing levels at their warehouses at that time for a brief period and then many of those people they hire will be ago. So. They do rely heavily on temporary staff. I don't I'm not sure if the 5000 people are talking about hiring year. Our eight it looks like these will be permanent. Amazon positions but had not had an opportunity to clarify that -- Amazon. Often are questions to them go unanswered. Because -- -- a -- so much research on Amazon and I think a lot of people would would at a senate fact that. -- -- -- obviously some minutes that's nothing new a lot of retailers use that a lot of service industries use that restaurants bars. Com and sometimes those positions backed Hanley to full time employment but what has -- the history -- for Amazon about moving those temporary positions into full time positions. Are they not is a business structure does not set up and that same kind of capacity. -- they just don't they don't have. -- opportunities once the holiday shopping season is over so if you know that going and that's fine you know hey I'm going to take this job. I'm not I know what's gonna last me through the holidays and then I'll likely -- -- you know let go. But it's. Many people only initially wrote about this story felt that they were misled because the the marketing materials used to attract people for jobs -- you know. Start your career and designer her you know bill to -- Amazon. And so a lot of -- was this is back in 20102011. In the throes of recession a lot of people are desperate. Looking for opportunity thinking -- big growing company -- -- and on the ground floor has been turning to something. And many of them took temporary staffing jobs are hoping that -- -- in those temporary jobs to turn into permanent positions. And for the most part folks that we we've spoken to were let down. Seen very few of them actually achieve a full time permanent Amazon employment. And Barnett is just a major -- their business that it is a seasonal and those opportunities you know what they're busy one day and and the next they're not -- in -- warrant so. About half of the people they're going to that moment in time -- Are not needed. We're will look at some of the video here is the vast expanse of these warehouse and is -- -- it's just mind blowing just because the -- of merchandise that moves through on a regular basis. For anyone that might have been in a factory for has a factory job obviously we know that size and volume and scope are. Component. Absolutely essential. To -- keeping cost down at the same time back and obviously way on -- employees conditions and ability. So what don't we see then in this video as far as conditions inside of an Amazon factory and -- what -- done extensive amount of research in the Lehigh Valley facility where you've done most of your reporting. What don't we see what would we be surprised to learn. Well it. You know -- surprising to many people was that Amazon had ambulances parked in its warehouse parking lot. During the heat waves in 2011. Because so many of their employees where we're dropping from heat exhaustion and needed treatment. It was to the point where employees. Called -- to complain and local emergency room doctor actually also complain. He placed a call -- -- hotline saying I think you need to check this place out. I have a lot of Amazon warehouse workers landing in my emergency room and -- treating them. So that that triggered an investigation. I by OSHA. And it also -- when we call when that's when we start researching this as well. And tell what we were what we're told him it's almost -- records show is that they heat index in that warehouse. Well one it's it's -- -- Metal warehouse. And the doors are kept close. To prevent theft prevention to prevent theft and so people are working in as being hot box. And it's it's three floors in the temperatures get -- at the higher you go up. And at times the heat index which is a real feel measure that considers humidity. Exceed a 110 degrees. And so Eaton meanwhile people are working and they're expected to to work at eight. Sufficient pace everything is monitored -- speed at which are working as monitor. And a major concern of workers we interviewed was that it is in these extreme heat conditions those rates were not relaxed. And so people who maybe were able to manage those those were rates under normal. You know temperature conditions -- had difficulty in these extreme weather conditions. We're we're pushing themselves a physical exhaustion and injuries. And end many in a murder where -- terminated as a result for not making great. -- it for the employees that she did speak with an Amazon. What was their expectations. In in in going -- and taking these jobs I think because it is such a unique. A position. It's unlikely -- traditional factory jobs obviously certainly nothing easy. On the but I am just wondering because this is a relatively young industry that that I what are what are expectations might have been. Excited they were exciting because it was Amazon and Amazon has this image of being as big growing company at a time when when the job market was late. And so they were simply excited that there is an opportunity with a with a growing company a lot of them had been laid off downsized. And so we're looking for opportunity and just figuring let me go -- and do my best. And and many of them -- physical jobs in the past a lot of people we. Interviewed had worked in other warehouses and that's when they were surprised. That things like the dock doors were always closed even -- -- -- -- Or that the rates weren't. Relaxed. The people working construction. So these are people who had physical jobs in the past -- -- just surprised by what they saw in this environment particularly. In a sense that. The raids were. Not relax in extreme conditions. Relieve their -- -- -- from the morning call we thank you for your time and for some of the research that you've been doing. Again President Obama today putting forward proper post before expanding private investment. In new jobs and as we've heard there. Those. The -- -- been at Amazon at the distribution center in Chattanooga Tennessee. Part of which will benefit from Amazon's announcement that 5000 new positions. We'll be added to the Amazon workforce in the distribution centers in 2004. Customer service. We have a full account the president's remarks today and analysis from our political team on abcnews.com. Or on -- -- New York. With this ABC news digital special report. It's it's been a special report from me.

This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.

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