They wanted to eliminate taxpayer-funded bailouts and were in united opposition of federal funding to save failing banks and the auto industry -- even though the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) was crafted by President Bush's Republican administration in 2008.
Tea Party candidates across the country also vowed to push for a repeal of the new health care law and create a system with little government involvement and a bigger focus on the private sector.
Some Tea Party candidates also view Medicare and Social Security as a liability; Nevada Senate candidate Sharron Angle once suggested that the programs should be phased out and replaced with a private system. Rand Paul, the projected senator-elect in Kentucky, dubbed Medicare "socialized medicine."
Ron Johnson, the Senate candidate in Wisconsin, called Social Security a Ponzi scheme, and Joe Miller, the Republican candidate in Alaska, has said the Social Security program violates the mandates of the Constitution.
ABC News' Huma Khan contributed to this report.