Endangered Foreign Birds to Come Under Fed's Wing

In 2003, one bird welfare organization reported 50 salmon-crested cockatoos being sold in a Java market.

While most of Seram is still covered in lowland forest, only 14 percent of these forests are protected and almost half the island is designated as logging concession.

"For narrow-niche species like parrots," said Agista, "logging is not just about losing its suitable habitat, but it also reduces its chance to breed. Most parrots need specific trees to lay their eggs -- not to mention that they have to compete with other species for the tree."

Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius)

Greater Adjutant Stork Courtesy of Getty Images

Nearly 5 feet tall with a 99-inch wingspan and thick yellow beak, the greater adjutant stork is huge by stork standards. With a nearly bald pinkish head that resembles a vulture's, its hanging orange chest pouch set against its dark bluish-gray plumage is the standout feature on this long-legged wader.

Once widespread across much of south and southeast Asia, the greater adjutant stork is now known only in India, in the state of Assam, its stronghold, and at sites in northern Cambodia. They've been known to wander over into Nepal, Bangladesh and Thailand.

When it's not breeding season, the Indian population feeds around garbage dumps on the fringes of urban areas.

Unfortunately, their near-human size and behavior of nesting in colonies make them easy hunting prey. Drainage, pollution, coupled with hunting, and the confiscation of eggs and chicks from nesting sites -- for consumption or trade -- has dwindled its numbers down to about 800.

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