'This Week' Transcript: The Giving Pledge

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TURNER: I delivered a Washington Post Extra when they dropped the first atomic bomb. But I read what Einstein said four days later was this has changed everything in the world, except how men think. And in the 1960s, I was giving money to that. The hard part about that is translating money into something that really does attack the problem. You really get into governments and I don't know how to use big money to really change the world in that respect. I've got a $50 million challenge out now to the IAEA on a program for a nuclear fuel bank. But, basically, that's got to be done by governments. And money just doesn't -- it doesn't buy as much in some areas of philanthropy as it does in others.

SINCE 1960, THE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS HAS NEARLY TRIPLED FROM 3 TO 11

TURNER: we got to all get rid of them. us, Russia, China. And they all understand that. And they all voted for it last year at the Security Council. So all I'm trying to do is remind them that they're already voted for it, let's go ahead and do it. And we've already voted for the START Treaty and it carried. Now all we got to do is ratify it with a super majority of the Senate get that ratified and get on the road towards nuclear disarmament and world peace because we have too many other problems that we need to deal with. Let's get rid of polio and measles and malaria, instead of bombing each other. 15:30 TURNER: And we can eliminate poverty. I'm on the committee now -- the U.N. committee to eliminate poverty. Well, in the next five years, it's a big job but we're going to work on it. We're going to try. I mean, it's going to be --

AMANPOUR: It's exhausting saving the world.

(LAUGHTER)

TURNER: Saving the world is a hard job.

AMANPOUR: What would you say to people who don't have so much money, should they be doing that too?

TURNER: Or don't have any money. One thing they can do is pick up trash. That's what I do. We're in New York now and yesterday I walked around the block and I picked up trash and put it in the garbage --

AMANPOUR: I don't believe you.

TURNER: I swear to God. Absolutely. I pick up trash in Atlanta.

AMANPOUR: Why?

TURNER: Because I want to set a good example. President Kagame of Rwanda has passed a rule that on the third Saturday of each month, the entire country has to go out from 8 - 11 and pick up trash, including him, and the cabinet of Rwanda. They all go out and pick up trash and Rwanda is just as clean a country as Switzerland is.

TED'S MOTIVATION COMES in part FROM A TOUGH UPBRINGING AND a STRICT DISPLINARIAN FATHER

AMANPOUR: What about your father made you take these risks and aim so high in your life, whether it was starting CNN, whether it was winning the America's Cup, whether it was being for environmental control before that was cool, or nuclear disarmament before that was cool?

TURNER: you only have one life, you might as well make it interesting and you might as well aim high. You know, it's -- try to do as much as you can. 32:00 But basically I didn't have a lot of fear because I thought things through very carefully before I did them and I felt like I wasn't really taking that big a risk.

WHEN WE COME BACK, SOME OF THE BILLIONAIRES WHO ARE SIGNING ON TO THE PLEDGE - PLUS WE'LL ASK BUFFETT GATES AND TURNER WHEN THEY EXPECT JOBS TO COME BACK FOR AMERICANS, AND WHETHER THINK AMERICA CAN COMPETE IN THE WORLD.

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