1997 Scots voted to create their own Parliament after 290 years of union with England.
1985 Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds recorded his 4,192nd hit, breaking Ty Cobb's career record.
1965 The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) arrives in South Vietnam and is stationed at An Khe.
1962 Thurgood Marshall is appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.
1944 American troops enter Luxembourg. More than 6,000 trucks of the Red Ball Express kept gasoline and other vital supplies rolling in as American troops and tanks pushed the Germans back toward their homeland.
1941 Ground was broken on construction of the Pentagon.
1916 The "Star Spangled Banner" is sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, N.Y.
1864 A 10-day truce is declared between Gens. Sherman and Hood so civilians may leave Atlanta, Ga.
1885 Author D.H. Lawrence was born in Eastwood, England.
1814 U.S. forces led by Thomas Macdonough route the British fleet on Lake Champlain.
1789 Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first U.S. secretary of the treasury.
1786 The Convention of Annapolis opens with the aim of revising the Articles of Confederation.
1777 General George Washington and his troops are defeated by the British under Gen. Sir William Howe at the Battle of Brandywine in Pennsylvania.
1297 Scots under William Wallace defeat the English at Stirling Bridge.
The Associated Press and thehistorynet.com contributed to this report