US Military Once Planned on Building Surveillance System on the Moon

PHOTO: The moons surface is shown with the earth in background in this composite photograph.
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The United States military once planned to build a surveillance station on the moon.

Code named "Project Horizon," a declassified report released today on the 45th anniversary of Neil Armstrong's historic moonwalk outlines the military's detailed plans to install a moon-to-Earth surveillance system that would have been used for "facilitating communications with and observation of the earth." The report that was originally published in 1959 exceeds 100 pages.

Project Horizon also included a proposal to build a moon-based weapons system that would have allowed the military to launch offensives from the moon towards Earth and even into outer space.

The declassified documents also reveal that the military attempted to investigate the effects of detonating a nuclear weapon on and in the vicinity of the moon.

PHOTO: Astronaut Edwin Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the Moon near the leg of the Lunar Module Eagle during the Apollo 11 space mission to the moon, July 20, 1969.
The 45th Anniversary of 'One Giant Leap for Mankind'

Although no such detonation occurred, the report tries to speculate the effects nuclear radiation would have had on alien lifeforms.

Another declassified report entitled "The Kidnapping of the Lunik" details how American operatives stole and later returned a Soviet space capsule called the Lunik during a Soviet exhibition tour in order to gather intelligence on Soviet space capability.

SLIDESHOW: Apollo 11 Anniversary

WATCH: ABC News' Coverage of Apollo 11 Moon Landing

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