Pepsi Buys Quaker in $13.4B Stock Deal

N E W  Y O R K, Dec. 4, 2000 -- PepsiCo. has agreed to acquire Quaker Oats, the maker of Cap’n Crunch cereal, Aunt Jemima pancake products and Gatorade, in a deal worth $13.4 billion in stock.

Adding the popular Gatorade to its fleet of non-carbonated beverages, which includes Aquafina water, Lipton teas and Tropicana juices, will give PepsiCo control of the dominant brand in the $2.5 billion sports drink category.

“This will be a truly outstanding combination,” Roger A. Enrico, PepsiCo chairman and chief executive officer, said in a statement. “Bringing together Quaker and PepsiCo creates a wealth of exciting growth opportunities.”

Management Changes

PepsiCo will offer 2.3 of its shares for each Quaker share under the deal announced today. The boards of both companies approved the deal over the weekend, but it’s still subject to regulatory approval.

When the deal closes, Enrico said Steve Reinemund, PepsiCo president and chief operating officer, will succeed him as chairman and CEO. Chief financial officer Indra Nooyi will add the title of president.

Morrison, Quaker chairman and CEO, will be a vice chairman of the combined company.

Under terms of the deal, Quaker Oats can back out if PepsiCo’s stock dips below $40 a share for a period of 10 random days in the month before closing. Under this scenario, PepsiCo would have to increase the share-exchange ratio in order to keep the deal alive.

Quenching a Long Thirst

At least two PepsiCo rivals had a similar thirst to acquire Quaker Oats: the board of Coca-Cola abandoned talks to buy Quaker for a reported $15.75 billion two weeks ago and French food conglomerate Danone SA backed away from a possible bid.

In the end, PepsiCo beat out its competitors with an offer that essentially mirrored the one rejected by Chicago-based Quaker roughly one month ago.

“Gatorade would do even better under PepsiCo than it has under Quaker Oats because of better marketing and distribution,” said John Sicher, a veteran soft drink industry watcher who publishes Beverage Digest in New York.

The deal could raise antitrust concerns because of PepsiCo’s ownership of All-Sport, a competing brand to Gatorade, albeit with much less market share. However, PepsiCo has agreed to get rid of All-Sport in order to keep the deal alive.

‘Good for Competition’

Tom Pirko, who heads the beverage consulting firm Bevmark in Santa Barbara, Calif., said a PepsiCo-owned Gatorade would actually be good for competition. Under PepsiCo, Gatorade would benefit from a vast distribution system and over time would spur demand for more products in the sports drink category, he said.

Pirko said the acquisition of Quaker Oats, and Gatorade in particular, would give PepsiCo a “huge psychological edge” in its competition with Atlanta-based Coca-Cola, the world’s leading soft drink manufacturer. “PepsiCo is building a formidable “package of leading brands,” he said.

While picking up Gatorade was no doubt the primary thrust of this transaction for PepsiCo, analysts were quick to point out that Quaker Oats’ food products, which include granola snack bars and rice cakes, nicely complement PepsiCo’s line of salty snacks.

“Quaker Oats’ grain-based snacks could show real growth within the Frito-Lay marketing and distribution system,” Sicher said. “PepsiCo’s Frito-Lay division is the nation’s leader in salty snacks with brands such as Lay’s, Fritos and Doritos chips.

Quaker vast food business also includes such brands as Quaker and Life cereals, and Rice-A-Roni.

Coca-Cola abandoned its pursuit of Quaker Oats after the soft drink company’s board rejected a deal reportedly worth $15.75 billion. Only hours after Coca Cola’s announcement, the French food conglomerate Danone issued a statement that it may be interested in making a bid for Quaker Oats. But it also dropped out of the running.

More than a Sports Drink

Gatorade began in the 1960s as a drink for thirsty athletes but has become a mainstream beverage.

Beverage Digest estimated Gatorade accounted for 84.1 percent of take-home sales of sports drinks in the first nine months of this year. Coke’s Powerade had 10.9 percent while PepsiCo’s All Sport had 2.8 percent, Beverage Digest said.

PepsiCo’s Pepsi-Cola division is the nation’s second biggest soft drink concern with brands like Pepsi, Diet Pepsi and Mountain Dew. Atlanta-based Coca-Cola is the soft drink leader.

PepsiCo has been moving to expand its non-carbonated drink portfolio. It recently agreed to buy South Beach Beverage Co., which makes herbally-enhanced juices and teas.