'Families on the Brink:' Elders Confused By Too Many Medications

Intervention can keep elders safe.

ByABC News
October 29, 2010, 1:19 PM

Feb. 1, 2011— -- 91-year-old Maynard Merel takes ten different types of pills every day. Ask him to tell you what each pill does for him, and the chances are he'll tell you he has no idea.

Although he suffers from high cholesterol, high blood pressure, an underactive thyroid, and chronic asthma, he can't remember which pill combats which ailment, or the proper dosage he needs.

During a doctor's visit, his geriatrician reminded him that he only needed to take one thyroid pill a day. Maynard Merel was taking ten.

"We have to straighten out all of these – too many medications," said Merel's geriatrician, Dr. Barbara Paris, director of geriatrics at Maimonides Medical Center.

Francis Merel, Maynard's wife, agreed.

"I think he is a mess," said Francis. "He's been taking too much of the drug. He is just lethargic."

Click here for full coverage from our eldercare series, "Families on the Brink: What to do about Mom and Dad?"

Merel is one of many seniors at risk of dying from polypharmacy, the term for when a patient takes too many potentially unnecessary medications.

"There are a lot of patients who see multiple specialists, and nobody is coordinating their care," said Paris. "And they get into dangerous situations where the right hand doesn't know what the left is doing."

Nearly one-third of Americans ages 57 to 85 take at least five prescription drugs -- people with chronic illnesses may take more than 20. Sixty-eight percent of Americans are also taking over-the-counter medicines or supplements, according to a 2008 article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. These combinations may lead to dangerous and often unmonitored interactions.

"There are over 100K deaths per year related to polypharmacy and medication misuse and adverse reactions, which brings it to one of the leading causes of death in this country," said Paris.

Seniors can experience polypharmacy not only when they are prescribed numerous medications, but also when they start taking the medications of other family members as well.

While Paris put Merel on a new plan, which reduced three of his medications, she discovered he was taking his wife's prescription anti-depressant medication.