The Arizona House of Representatives passed a new bill that if signed into law would ban transgender female athletes from participating in school sports.
The "Save Women's Sports Act," introduced by Republican Rep. Nancy Barto, would require interscholastic and intramural sports sponsored by educational institutions to explicitly designate sports as for males or females based on a persons' biological sex.
"This bill is about fairness. That’s it. What is fair on the field, the court, the track, and in the pool," Barto said in a statement to ABC News.
House Bill 2706 states that if disputed, "a student may establish the student's sex by presenting a signed physician's statement that indicates the student's sex" and an analysis of the student's DNA.
The bill was first introduced on Feb. 3 and passed in the House one month later along party lines 31-29 after an emotional hours-long debate on Tuesday.
Barto cited the biological differences between males and females from lung capacity and muscle mass to testosterone levels that she said give men "an undeniable physical advantage over women in sports."
"That is why we have separated male and female sports. And that is why women have been so successful in achieving greatness on the field, and all the benefits that go with it," Barto continued. "What has changed is Interscholastic policies allowing biological males identifying as females to compete on women's teams."
The bill would apply to K-12, community college and universities' female teams.
While Barto and those who voted for the bill agree that this is about keeping a level playing field, opponents argue that it fails to protect LGBTQ kids and transgender youth.
Democratic Rep. Daniel Hernandez Jr. took to Twitter after the measure passed in the House and called it "bad for Arizona."
During the hearing, Democratic Rep. Kirsten Engel said, "The impact will not be to protect women's sports, instead it's gonna make women's sports a total battleground of lawsuits."
"It's gonna bring people out of the corners of the field to cast accusations -- the liability here is so broad that I have very severe concerns that some schools will find some excuse to -- simply not have games," she added.
There is some protective language in the bill against "retaliation or other adverse action" for students or educational institutions and if violated would allow for legal action.
"Any student who is deprived of an athletic opportunity or suffers a direct or indirect harm as a result of a violation of this section has a private cause of action for injunctive relief, damages and any other relief available under law against the educational institution," the bill states.
Despite strong opposition from House Democrats, as well as local and national businesses like the Arizona Diamondbacks, PayPal and Uber, the measure will now make it's way to the Senate.
The office for Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey's did not immediately return ABC News' request for comment on whether he would sign the bill if passed by the Senate.
Currently, the Arizona Interscholastic Association (AIA) -- the state's governing body for school sports -- has policies in place for transgender athletes to compete "in a manner that is consistent with their gender identity."
The AIA policies and procedures book states that all students eligible to participate in interscholastic athletics should have the opportunity "irrespective of the sex listed on a student’s eligibility for participation in interscholastic athletics or in a gender that does not match the sex at birth."
"The eligibility is granted for the duration of the student’s participation and does not need to be renewed every sport season or school year. All discussion and documentation will be kept confidential, and the proceedings will be sealed unless the student and family make a specific request," the policy states.
The AIA did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment and it is unclear how this policy would be changed if the Senate signs HB 2716 into law.