The history behind Columbus Day and Indigenous Peoples Day

Columbus Day and Indigenous Peoples Day will be observed on October 9.

However, in recent years, indigenous people and others have rallied against the holiday, claiming Columbus enslaved and murdered many indigenous people. There is now a growing movement to reclaim the day in honor of indigenous people and their unique cultures and contributions.

Many local governments have voted to rename Columbus Day, and recently, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors voted to make the second Monday in October Indigenous Peoples Day beginning no later than 2019. The city also designated Oct. 12 Italian American Heritage Day.

On the 300th anniversary of Columbus’ landing, the Society of St. Tammany, or the Columbian Order, organized the first celebration of Columbus Day on Oct. 12, 1792, according to the Library of Congress.

Columbus’s crew consisted of ninety members on three ships: the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. The journey took nearly ten weeks and began in Palos, Spain.

The island on which Columbus landed on Oct. 12, 1492, was originally called Guanahani by the indigenous people who lived there, but Columbus renamed it San Salvador. It is now known as Watling Island.

ABC News' Kaelyn Forde contributed to this report.