The economy added 162,000 jobs in July, fewer than economists expected, as unemployment fell to 7.4 percent, the Labor Department reported today.
Many economists expected the addition of 175,000 to 185,000 jobs in July and the average workweek to remain unchanged at 34.5 hours. The average workweek fell by 0.1 hour in July to 34.4 hours.
The monthly jobs report is closely watched by investors for signs that the Federal Reserve will soon taper its bond-buying efforts that have boosted the economy, perhaps leading to a new downturn. The Fed has indicated that it will pull back those purchases, but hasn't said exactly when that will begin. Job additions have been moderate this year, but not at the level that will cause the jobless rate to fall substantially.
As interest rates edge up from record lows as the Fed reduces its stimulus, there is concern that bond investors will see more losses and the real estate market may cool.
"The report is disappointing, with weaker job growth in July compared to the first half of 2013," PNC senior economist Gus Faucher said. "Despite the drop in the unemployment rate, the softer job growth in July, combined with the downward revisions to May and June, makes the Federal Reserve slightly less likely to reduce its purchases of long-term assets when it next meets in mid-September."
Last month, the Labor Department reported a higher-than-expected addition of 195,000 jobs for June, though part-time work increased over 350,000 from May to June, reflecting weakness in the quality of jobs available. Friday's report included revisions for previous months, lowering the number of jobs added in May to 176,000 from 195,000, and in June to 188,000 from 195,000.
Stephen Bronars, senior economist with Welch Consulting, said the unemployment rate has fallen, in part, because people are giving up their job searches and leaving the labor force.
The report indicated the labor force participation rate, which measures the percentage of adults who are either employed or jobless but actively looking for work, fell to 63.4 percent in July from 63.5 percent in June.
"Even more troubling is that the participation rate is down 0.3 percent from one year ago," Bronars said.
Another concern, Bronars said, is that over the past two months, half of the gain in employment has been due to an increase in part-time jobs. In addition, there has been a substantial increase over the past two months in the fraction of full-time workers who are working part-time due to slack work and business conditions, he said.
The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 58.7 percent.
"This leaves us in a bit of a no man's land, not quite close enough to taper, but a bit close enough to expectations that it looks like we have one more month of speculation about the Fed's intention," said Joe "JJ" Kinahan, chief strategist with TD Ameritrade.
The economy has been adding jobs for 34 straight months, since October 2010.
On Wednesday, private payroll provider ADP reported employers added 200,000 jobs in July, the fastest pace since December.