Should Banks Be in the Marijuana Business?

PHOTO: Marijuana Plant

For many people like me, starting your own business is the embodiment of the American dream – you get to be your own boss, build something from the ground up and revel in its success. But for some budding entrepreneurs in several states their small businesses have become big financial nightmares – and not because of the economy. Rather, the federal government has forced them to go cash-only in an electronic economy despite the fact they sell a legal product (in some states): marijuana. According to the Federal government, however, it's still illegal.

If you own a business selling marijuana in a state where it's legal, even if it's for medical use, you will have trouble getting a bank loan, accepting credit cards (or getting one for your business), claiming any business expenses on your taxes or even running your proceeds and expenses through many bank accounts. And even if the federal laws prohibiting banks from doing business with people who sell certain substances aren't exclusively targeting marijuana sellers in states where it is legal, the feds certainly haven't shied away from targeting legal dispensaries in the recent past based on those very laws.

It's just another example of the federal government's willingness to use whatever means at its disposal – in this case, its oversight of financial institutions – to compel its citizens to abide by a certain set of moral codes with which, increasingly, most of its citizens do not agree.

What Americans Say About It

Fully 58 percent of Americans now believe that marijuana should be legal, according to an October Gallup poll. To be clear, they weren't asked if "medical marijuana" should be legal, which has long enjoyed majority support, or if marijuana possession should be decriminalized, but whether the drug itself should just be legal. A solid 60 percent of Americans think that the federal government should stop enforcing federal laws against marijuana in states where it is legal, according to a Pew Research Center Poll that also showed 70% of Americans think the money we spend enforcing marijuana laws isn't worth it.

Yet, in Colorado and Washington – where residents voted to make marijuana sales and possession wholly legal – proprietors who operate within the law are forced to contend with a situation driven by government policy that makes them less safe, their customers less safe and the state less likely to collect tax revenues on which it is counting – they are, and have to remain, cash-only. That means, for many small business owners, they pay their employees in cash, they pay their taxes in cash and they purchase most of their goods and supplies in cash, all of which leave them more vulnerable to violent crime than the average small business person.

Worse, as some in law enforcement have warned, it leaves the entire system vulnerable to bad actors, who see cash-only businesses as conduits to launder money or cheat the system.

Weak Protections

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