To say that Scott Harper spends a lot of time in his car would be a gross understatement.
The Northern California resident drives two hours -- each way -- to work. And that's on a good day. Traffic delays can easily make the journey three hours or even four.
Harper bought a house for $220,000 in Rio Vista, a suburb northeast of San Francisco and Oakland. He took a job as a retail zone manager in the Santa Cruz area, southwest of the Bay Area. The idea was to eventually move closer to work. But he still owes $200,000 on a house that is now worth $130,000. So each day he hops in his car for the 112-mile commute.
"I spend hours going less than 20 mph on congested freeways," Harper said. "This is a daily ordeal. But, at least I have a job."
Sometimes to avoid the traffic, he will drive 60 miles out of the way.
"It's further, but at least I'm moving," Harper said.
Harper's commute might be a bit extreme, but he's not alone.
For decades, Americans have been seeking larger homes with nice big lawns and good school systems. In order to afford such space, families have had push further and further away from city centers – or even suburban office parks -- where they work. For most, the only feasible way to work is the car. And that means a lot of traffic, delays and all too often frustration.
But some people are finding new ways to travel, becoming the first in a generation to abandon the car … or at least try to.
The total number of miles traveled by Americans actually fell in 2007, the first drop in nearly 30 years. When the size of a still-growing population is taken into account, the fall was the largest since World War II, according to the Brookings Institute.
Teri Bruna is one of those few lucky Americans who actually enjoys her commute to work. Most days she bikes 13 miles down a river-front trail to her job at a golf club near Aspen, Colo.
And at the end of the day, she gets back on the bike and travels another 13 miles home.
"I don't have to deal with traffic. I look across and see the highway and say: suckers," Bruna said. "I discovered recently that I'm less stressed when I commute this way because I don't tune into NPR in the mornings and the reports that used to stress me out and make me mad are now replaced by the raging river and the chirping birds."
This is now her third summer biking to work. Bruna said she loses weight, feels healthier and only adds about 24 minutes to her commute.
"Some of my co-workers look at me crazy when I walk in sweaty and hot," she said.
But the golf club has an employee locker room where she can shower. She's also lucky that her job and home are both near a 44-mile bike trail cutting through the mountains.
"I do have some advantages that others might not have," she said.
Bruna is part of a small -- but growing -- group of people who are reducing their dependence on the car. It doesn't mean that they are selling the family sedan, but they are actively choosing to use it less often.
Growth in the number of miles Americans drive started to slow in 2004 but really declined with last summer's high gas prices and then with the onset of the recession. From October 2007 to September 2008, Americans drove 90 billion fewer miles than the same time period the year before, according to Brookings.