"Congress often does preempt state law, or pushes it aside in areas like the environment," said Jonathan Turley, a legal scholar and professor at George Washington University. "But what's different here is that they're treating individual citizens almost like polluting factories that amount to an interstate problem."
State attorneys general argue that the new law invades their freedom.
"The state has been put into a situation where are our liberties are being trampled on," Texas attorney general Greg Abbott said. "I'm confident that the court is going to declare the new health care reform law unconstitutional."
In the Senate, which still has to pass the "fixes" that Obama and House members proposed, Republicans are introducing a spate of amendments to delay the debate.
"In the end, in this political process, in this great democracy we have, the voters, the people, always get the final say-so," warned Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, chairman of the Republican National Senatorial Committee. "And I think this is very important to remember as the president intends to take a victory lap on this bill."
Obama had an amusing take on the fickle winds of Washington, D.C., and how in politics nothing succeeds like success.
Reflecting on his legislative victory with health care overhaul legislation, he quipped to an aide Tuesday: "I guess we'll be considered smart again for at least another four weeks."
A USA Today/Gallup poll released Tuesday found that more Americans, 50 percent, were enthusiastic or pleased about the health care bill's passage, versus 42 percent, who were angry or disappointed. Nearly half, 49 percent, said passing the health care bill was a "good thing."
Outside Washington, D.C., people are channeling their anger at their state representatives and vandalizing the offices of those lawmakers who voted in favor. At the Democratic headquarters in upstate New York, someone threw a brick through the window with a note that read, "Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice," a quote from Barry Goldwater.
Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, who voted in favor of the legislation, became a target. Her office in Arizona was vandalized over night.
Several House Democrats received threats after voting for the health care bill. Speaking to reporters today, House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, D-Md., said some Democratic members felt they were at risk in terms of their security.
"Any member who feels themself at risk is getting attention from the proper authorities," he said. Typically, only the House membership has security.
Most of the threats to these members appear to be via phone calls, Hoyer said. House Majority Whip James Clyburn, D-S.C., said even his wife had received threatening phone calls.
Republicans are already predicting a tougher fight for Democrats in the mid-term election.
The Republican National Committee's "Fire Nancy Pelosi" Web site surpassed $1 million in funds raised since the health care legislation passed Sunday evening. Former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin unveiled a list of 17 Democratic members of Congress who she wants to target in the upcoming mid-term elections.
"We're going to reclaim the power of the people from those who disregarded the will of the people. We're going to fire them and send them back to the private sector, which has been shrinking thanks to their destructive government-growing policies," Palin wrote in an e-mail to supporters seeking to raise money.