According to the Centers for Disease Control, data from 2006 showed that nearly 98 percent of schools gather and keep information about severe food or other allergies in student records. Nearly 77 percent of school nutrition services programs had a written plan for feeding students with severe food allergies.
Still, parents and schools need to be vigilant.
"The medication must be with the child, even if they are too young to administer it themselves, because in the time it takes for a staff member to go from the classroom to the nurse's office, that child could die," Birchfield said.
Sicherer added, "If you suspect your child has a good allergy, you really want to talk to your pediatrician. You want to make sure you have the right diagnosis and you know what you're doing in case of accidental exposure or reaction."
ABC News' Brian Hartman contributed to this report.