While there may be an association between IVF and the development of autism, research is not clear whether IVF or other fertility inducing medications cause autism, said Dr. Ernest Krug, a developmental-behavioral pediatrician at William Beaumont Hospitals in Royal Oak, Mich.
"It's good to do these studies, but the problem comes when we try to draw conclusions too quickly," said Krug. "I think we just have to be cautious about telling people that you better not pursue modes of infertility treatments when we just don't know that."
In fact, the complexities of finding associations for autism can span from environmental triggers to numerous identified genes, said Krug. Perhaps infertility treatment may be added to the list of triggers, although it is still too early to tell, he said.
"[Autism is] a very complex area," said Krug. "There needs to be more research in this area before definite conclusions can be drawn."