After the initial shock of a layoff wears down, be prepared to feel anxious or nervous about what the next move should be, said Klapow.
"What we're seeing with this economic crisis is similar to what we see following natural and man-made disasters," he said. "It's gone from a few people laid off from a company to what I see as a public health mental health issue."
According to Klapow, many people may overthink the situation, which may lead to anxiety and difficulty sleeping and concentrating. But instead of letting your thoughts race, Klapow suggests writing a task list.
"Write down everything you think you may need to do, then prioritize that list," he said. "It gets it out of your head and onto a piece of paper."
Once your mind is clear and the list is in front of you, you will be able to start from the top and do one thing at a time, he said.
Not having to prepare for work in the morning may no longer be an excuse to watch the morning hours tick away from under the covers. In fact, according to Raison, one of the signs of depression is loss of motivation to get up in the morning.
"Don't linger in bed," said Raison. "Try to get sunlight and fresh air in the morning."
Staying in bed allows the thoughts to race and anxiety and guilt to build within yourself, he said. But getting a start to the day allows you to stop dwelling on negative thoughts of losing a job, and work on applying for other positions and accomplishing more tasks during the day.
"Don't just lay there and let your mind beat you," said Raison. "Work with yourself to challenge your negative assumptions."
Getting up early may not seem appealing if there is not much to do during the day. But, according to Raison, taking on activities or projects that would have previously cut into work hours is a good way to stay positive.
"Anything one can do to feel productive, valuable, that someone is doing something in the world, is crucial," said Raison.
Activities can include exercising, volunteering, taking on a paid project or attending career fairs, he said. These activities could not only improve your emotional well-being, but staying active may help you discover opportunities you may not have found if you stayed at home.
While Joseph is looking to jump back into his career as an industrial designer, he is involved in professional societies within his industry and is working on freelance projects.
"I'm an optimistic person, and I know it takes dedication to get anything done," he said.
"The worst thing people can do is give up," said Raison. "Eighty percent of luck is under people's control, so you need to be at the right place and do the things that will bring about the luck."
Laughter is the best medicine, so the saying goes. And although laughter may not bring a nation out of a recession, letting out a few chuckles can bring about a positive outlook, said Raison.
"We have the tendency to see that things are permanent, but it always resolves," said Raison. "As long as the person does not go downhill and stay there."
According to Raison, laughing is physical action that can boost your physiological response to losing your job.