Rats in the Ranks?

The 14 Marines recently killed in Iraq by a roadside bomb came two days after hostile fire killed six other U.S. Marines from the same battalion.

Rising U.S. casualties and precision attacks have some wondering if the Iraqi police force has informants among its ranks foiling U.S. efforts. The Pentagon has admitted such infiltration exists, but experts warn it is hard to prove and the success of the attacks may have more to do with the insurgency's might than turncoats leaking inside intelligence.

"There is no question that the war in Iraq involves serious problems with infiltration at virtually every level," said Anthony Cordesman, a military analyst for ABC News. Although screening and vetting processes have improved, there is no way to guarantee absolute loyalty among the 173,000 personnel in the military, security and police forces and the large mix of civilian bureaucrats and contractors, he said.

'Unknown' Insurgent Infiltration

The Pentagon expressed those exact concerns to Congress on July 21 with a report saying that the Iraqi "Commando" and "Special Forces" are improving, but that border control units remain weak, with a high level of infiltration by insurgent groups. The report rates other Iraqi security forces, with most having what the report calls "unknown" levels of insurgent infiltration. The overall conclusion of the report was that only a small number of these forces can operate independently.

At Wednesday's Pentagon briefing, no one blamed infiltration as a reason for the recent spate of deadly attacks.

"We have seen over the past few months a general decline in the number of improvised explosive device attacks," said Brig. Gen. Carter Ham, adding, "But the lethality has remained very, very high."

Ham blamed the rising death toll on the insurgency's use of different techniques and larger amounts of explosives to counter the efforts of Iraqi security forces and U.S. troops.

Cordesman credits the United States for pulling off a number of operations without a hitch, saying that infiltration usually doesn't compromise most missions. As for the less-successful missions, he said thwarting the military can be relatively easy because of the predictability of their movements.

"Most routes -- paved, dirt, or path -- are highly predictable and preparing roadside bombs and ambushes in advance can be very effective without intelligence," Cordesman said. He warned that it is very difficult to prove if someone is leaking "inside" knowledge.

The recent attacks have occurred in a desert-like landscape known as a troubled spot. The 50-mile stretch along the Euphrates, called the Hit-Haditha corridor, serves as a conduit for insurgents to transit people, weapons, money in and out of Baghdad, according to the Pentagon.

Ham called it the "nasty stretch" and said now that coalition forces have started cracking down, the insurgency's feeling the heat and rebelling any way it can.

Pledging Allegiance to What?

Michael O'Hanlon, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, believes that despite the potential infiltration, the fundamental problem has more to do with the insurgency's ongoing support making coalition forces and the Iraqi police preferred targets, rather than with infiltration of those forces.

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