Massive Manhunt for Mexican Drug Lord 'El Chapo,' Who Escaped Prison Using Tunnel

PHOTO: A soldier stands on an armored vehicle as he guards near the Altiplano maximum security prison Sunday, July 12, 2015, after Mexicos most powerful drug lord, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, escaped from a maximum security prison.PlayMarco Ugarte/AP Photo
WATCH Manhunt Escalates for Escaped Mexican Drug Lord

A massive manhunt is under way for Mexican drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, who, the country's top security official said escaped from a maximum security prison using a 1-mile tunnel connected to the shower area of his cell.

The leader of the Sinaloa cartel escaped from the Altiplano prison, 55 miles west of Mexico City, shortly before 9 p.m. Saturday, said Monte Alejandro Rubido, the head of Mexico's National Security Commission. He had been arrested in February 2014 after more than 10 years on the run.

When guards noticed Guzman could no longer be seen on the prison's surveillance system, they checked his cell and found an opening in the shower area, Rubido said. The opening led to a tunnel made of PVC pipe that had an adapted motorcycle engine likely used to transport the tools needed to drill the tunnel.

Authorities immediately began searching the surrounding area and flights were suspended at the nearby Toluca airport. Rubido said 18 prison officials were transferred to Mexico City for questioning.

Attorney General Loretta Lynch said in a statement that the "U.S. government stands ready to work with our Mexican partners to provide any assistance that may help support his swift recapture."

PHOTO: In this Feb. 22, 2014 photo, Joaquin El Chapo Guzman is escorted to a helicopter in handcuffs by Mexican navy marines at a navy hanger in Mexico City. Eduardo Verdugo/AP Photo
In this Feb. 22, 2014 photo, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman is escorted to a helicopter in handcuffs by Mexican navy marines at a navy hanger in Mexico City.

Guzman was captured last year in the beach resort town of Mazatlan, Mexico, after escaping prison in 2001. It's unclear exactly how he had escaped, but he did receive help from prison guards who were prosecuted and convicted.

Guzman has been a long-wanted figure by the Drug Enforcement Agency and the U.S. Treasury once described him as "the most powerful drug trafficker in the world."

PHOTO: Joaquin Guzman Loera, alias El Chapo Guzman is shown at the high security prison of Almoloya de Juarez, outskirts of Mexico City, July 10, 1993.GERARDO MAGALLON/AFP/Getty Images
Joaquin Guzman Loera, alias "El Chapo Guzman" is shown at the high security prison of Almoloya de Juarez, outskirts of Mexico City, July 10, 1993.

The Sinaloa cartel allegedly uses elaborate tunnels for drug trafficking and has been estimated to be responsible for 25 percent of all illegal drugs that enter the U.S. through Mexico.

Guzman has also long been ranked among the richest men in the world by Forbes. Drug enforcement experts have conservatively estimated the cartel's revenues at more than $3 billion annually.

The Associated Press contributed to this story.