Osama bin Laden, Saddam Hussein and their al Qaeda, Taliban and Baath Party cohorts are not the first enemies of the United States or its allies to be hunted around the globe. Following are some high-profile international manhunts from recent history.
Saddam Hussein, Deposed Iraqi President
Toppled as Iraqi president in April 2003, Saddam and a small handful of his former top government officials continue to elude U.S. forces searching for them, though Saddam's sons and many other regime officials have been captured or killed. Saddam loyalists are suspected of continuing to carry out attacks on Americans and U.S.-led efforts to install order in Iraq. And Saddam is believed to have released periodic audiotapes calling for continued Iraqi resistance to U.S.-led efforts.
Osama bin Laden, Leader of Al Qaeda Terrorist Group
Sudan -> Afghanistan -> Pakistan?
The alleged mastermind of the 9/11 attacks in the United States is believed to be hiding in a remote, tribal area of Pakistan near the Afghan border that is largely beyond government control. Just before Sept. 11, 2003, an Arabic television station aired a videotape, with audio added, that was believed to contain the voice of bin Laden and his al Qaeda deputy, Ayman al-Zawahiri. However, it was unclear when bin Laden's supposed portions were recorded.
Mullah Mohammed Omar, Former Leader of Afghanistan
Afghanistan -> Pakistan?
The former leader of Afghanistan's Taliban government, which sheltered Osama bin Laden and operating bases of his al Qaeda network, is believed to be hiding in a remote area of Pakistan. Other accounts continue to place Omar in Afghanistan, where large parts of the country remain chaotic or in control of local warlords. Taliban officials have told reporters Omar continues to organize operations to destabilize Afghanistan, and to attack U.S. forces there.
Radovan Karadzic, Former Bosnian Serb Leader
Believed to be hiding in Serb-controlled eastern Bosnia, surrounded and protected by supporters, Karadzic -- along with Ratko Mladic, his former military commander -- is accused of overseeing the July 1995 Srebrenica massacre, in which 6,000 civilians were killed. Though twice indicted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal on genocide charges, both men remain at large. Karadzic may still be living well on embezzled funds from his time in power, and on profits from the black market, and Mladic is believed to be in Serbia.
Abu Abbas (Muhammad Abbas), Palestinian Militant
Egypt -> Italy -> Tunisia -> Algeria -> Libya -> Gaza -> Iraq
U.S. forces in April 2003 captured Abbas in southern Baghdad, where he had been living openly. Abbas was leader of the Palestinian Liberation Front in 1985, when members of that group hijacked the Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro and killed a wheelchair-bound American passenger, Leon Klinghoffer. Though Abbas was captured by U.S. forces in 1985, Italy's then-prime minister released him before an Italian court sentenced him in abstentia to life in prison.
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, Al Qaeda Terror Commander
Afghanistan -> Pakistan