World Leaders Increase Pressure on Egypt for Reforms

VIDEO: Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak responds to call for reform.
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Leaders around the world are calling for immediate economic and social reforms in Egypt as countries prepare to transport expatriates out of the area today.

On Sunday, the United States stepped up pressure on Mubarak's fledgling government, urging reforms and throwing its full support behind "peaceful protesters" demanding change.

"We are trying to convey a message that is very clear, that we want to ensure there is no violence and no provocation that results in violence and that we want to see these reforms and a process of national dialogue begun so that the people of Egypt can see their legitimate grievances addressed," Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on "This Week with Christiane Amanpour," in the most forecful language she has used thus far.

For Complete Coverage of the Crisis in Egypt, Featuring Exclusive Reporting From Christiane Amanpour, Click Here

Echoing similar sentiments at the African Union's regular summit, French President Nicholas Sarkozy told the Associated Press, "It is with friendship and respect that France will be on the side of Tunisians and Egyptians in such a crucial period."

Meanwhile, State Department officials said charter flights were heading to Cairo to evacuate Americans who wish to leave the country.

Assistant Secretary of State Janice Jacobs told the Associated Press that the first flights were expected to arrive early today and "will take several flights over the coming days to handle the number of Americans."

Fighter jets swooped over Cairo's downtown square where demonstrators gathered for a sixth day in a row on Sunday, chanting for change and calling for the ouster of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

Thousands of protesters descended over Cairo's "Tahrir" (independence) Square, chanting "We won't leave until you leave," and "We will not stop," defying a government curfew that was imposed for the third day in a row to no effect. Mubarak asked his new prime minister to establish a new government that would address people's demands, but protesters say it's their president who they want to see ousted.

The crisis in Egypt has left dozens dead and hundreds injured. The military beefed up its presence Sunday, deploying convoys of tanks and Armored Personnel Vehicles to Tahrir Square and setting up checkpoints to contain the crowds.

The military reportedly arrested prisoners that had escaped from Cairo's jails but there were conflicting reports from the region regarding their role in containing disruptions. They were not seemingly enforcing the curfew in place, and Al Jazeera English reported that an army leader told crowds in Tahrir Square Sunday that they wouldn't go against their wishes.

The military was deployed Friday at the height of this week's tension, and unlike the police, it has mostly been welcomed by the public.

Amid violent clashes, Egyptian police -- especially in Cairo -- virtually disappeared from the streets late Friday, leaving a huge vacuum in security that was filled by looters and vandals.

Across Egypt, buildings were set on fire and clashes continued between anti-government protesters and the police.

Egyptians woke up Sunday with several government buildings still smoldering and thousands of anti-government protesters remaining camped out in the main square.

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