Applied behavior analysis is an educational intervention technique that can be used to teach children with autism. In ABA, skills are broken down into very small components and taught systematically -- one skill building the foundation for the next.
Since children with autism tend to require many more opportunities to learn than typically developing peers, a great deal of repetition is provided. In addition, data are collected to ensure that the strategy used to teach a particular skill is, in fact, working.
Research has shown that some children who receive this type of intervention intensively (30 to 40 hours per week) and early in their lives may reach a point where they can participate in regular education settings with typically developing peers. Some may even lose the diagnosis of autism. However, ABA intervention works differently for different children.
Read a mother's account of her son's success with ABA intervention.
The National Alliance for Autism Research (www.naar.org) — specializes in biomedical research; dedicated to finding biological treatments, prevention and a cure for autism.
Cure Autism Now (www.cureautismnow.org) — also specializes in biomedical research.
The Association for Behavior Analysis (www.wmich.edu/aba)
Behavior Analyst Certification Board (www.bacb.com)
Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies (www.behavior.org/autism)
New Jersey Center for Outreach and Services for the Autism Community (www.njcosac.org)
Autism Society of America (www.autism-society.org)
National Library of Medicine (www.nlm.nih.gov) — Browse this site for articles about autism and immunization.
Reading List Behavioral-Based Books:
Behavioral Intervention for Young Children with Autism — A Manual for Parents and Professionals, edited by Catherine Maurice, co-edited by Gina Greene and Stephen C. Luce; Pro-Ed, Austin, Texas (1996)
Making a Difference: Behavioral Intervention for Autism, edited by Catherine Maurice, co-edited by Gina Greene and Foxx; Pro-Ed, Austin, Texas
Teaching Children with Autism, by Robert Koegel and Lynn Kern Koegel, Brookes Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD (1995)
Preschool Education Programs for Children with Autism, edited by Sandra L. Harris and Jan S. Handleman, Pro-Ed, Austin, Texas (1994)
Siblings of Children with Autism: A Guide to Families, by Sandra L. Harris, Woodbine House, Bethesda, Md. (1994)
Steps to Independence: Teaching Everyday Skills to Children with Special Needs,by Bruce L. Baker and Alan J. Brightman, Brookes Publishing Co., Baltimore, Md.
Toilet Training in Less Than a Day, by Foxx and Azrin, Research Press, Champaign, Ill. (1974)
Children with Autism: A Parents Guide, by Michael D. Powers, Woodbine House, Bethesda, Md. (1989)
Sleep Better! A Guide for Improving Sleep In Children with Special Needs, by Durand, VM; Broodes Publishing Co., Baltimore Md. (1997)
Let Me Hear Your Voice, by Catherine Maurice; Alfred A. Knopf, N.Y., N.Y (1993)
Teaching Language to Children with Autism or other Developmental Disabilities, by Mark Sunberg and Partingon; Behavior Analyst, Inc. (1998)
Communication-Based Intervention for Problem Behavior, by Carr, Levin, McConnachie, Carlson, Kemp and Smith; Brookes Publishing Co., Baltimore, Md. (1994)
Asperger Syndrome, by Tony Atwood
Asperger Syndrome, by Ami Klin, Fred Volkmar and Sara Sparrow; Gilford Press
General Autism Books:
Targeting Autism: What We Know, Don't Know, and Can Do to Help Young Children with Autism and Related Disorders, by Shirley Cohen, Berkeley: University of California Press (1998)
For Parents By Parents: a Resource Guide, Interdisciplinary Council
Thinking in Pictures, by Temple Grandin
An Anthropologist on Mars, by Oliver Sacks
Shadow Syndromes, by Catherine Johnson, Ph.D. and John Ratey, M.D.
What About Me?: Growing Up With a Developmentally Disabled Sibling , by Bryna Siegel and Stuart Silverstein
Creating a Win-Win IEP for Students with Autism, by Beth Fouse; Future Horizons