Sen. Richard Burr, R-N.C., accused Nelson of getting a permanent special Medicaid deal for Nebraska. Burr said the Nebraska senator knew how to play the TV show, "The Price is Right," and charged that the bill was about picking winners and losers.
Earlier today, Senate Democratic leaders overcame a major hurdle and paved the way for a health care vote when the Senate gave final congressional approval to a $636 billion bill to fund the Defense Department and extend some unemployment benefits.
The bill will now go to the president for his signature.
The funding pays for the normal operations of the Pentagon and provides money for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
There is an additional $10 billion in the bill for short-extensions -- through the end of February -- of unemployment and COBRA benefits, surface transportation programs and some Small Business Association loans. The bill also temporarily extends anti-terrorism portions of the Patriot Act.
ABC News' Dean Norland and Z. Byron Wolf contributed to this report.