Some States Say No to Obama Gun Proposals, Is it Constitutional?

PHOTO: President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden join children who wrote letters to the White House expressing concern about gun violence before President Obama signs executive orders designed to reduce gun violence in the United States, Jan. 16
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Even before President Barack Obama laid out his gun control proposals Wednesday, calling on Congress to act as well as signing executive orders, several states responded by saying they would try to block the enforcement of any measures.

From the Mississippi governor to lawmakers in Texas, Missouri and Wyoming, even local sheriffs in Oregon and Kentucky, many of those who oppose the president's proposal believe it is within their legal right to not only refuse to enforce federal legislation, but to make it a crime for a federal agent to try and enforce the law in their states.

But, is that approach constitutional?

Theodore Ruger, a constitutional law professor at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, says no. The Supremacy Clause, which is part of the Constitution, ensures that.

"These state statutes are outrageously unenforceable," Ruger said. "They have no grounds and there has not been any grounds for 200 years for a state to criminalize the enforcement of a valid federal law."

Ruger explains that the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution says that "federal laws and treaties are the supreme law of the land and that has been interpreted to mean in case there is any conflict when Congress or the president speaks clearly and with valid authority on a topic, states cannot thwart the application of the law within its borders."

Greg Magarian, a constitutional law professor from Washington University Law School, in St. Louis, agrees, saying, "If a state tries to legislate or take action contrary to federal law, the state is in violation of the Constitution and the Supremacy Clause."

Ruger also believes the states are making these moves not because they don't know what the law is, but simply to grandstand.

"These states all know this, so we can only see this as pure political rhetoric," Ruger said. "These states are savvy enough to know that they will not be able to enforce their state laws, so they are trying to make a rhetorical point as opposed to creating a valid law."

Magarian calls it "pure political theater."

"Conservative state officials all over the country want to make a show of not being oppressed by what they are portraying as a tyrannical federal government, and I think of it as, frankly, hyperbole," Magarian said.

It's more about not liking the president than anything else, he added.

Ruger says there are moves states can make "in the area of gun control policy that might differ from federal law," but it's important to note that none of these laws have been passed yet by Congress.

But Ruger says the states "certainly can't enforce their own laws to throw federal officials in jail," something Rep. Steve Toth in Texas, among others, is calling for.

Toth represents the Woodlands district close to Houston and he is still drafting the legislation, according to his office. But it did release a statement describing the bill as making "any federal law banning semi-automatic firearms or limiting the size of gun magazines unenforceable within the state's boundaries" and most notably "anyone trying to enforce a federal gun ban could face felony charges under the proposal."

Ruger said legislation like Toth's is "pure rhetoric and no state official is dumb enough to try and enforce this."

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