President Obama hosts French President Francois Hollande at the White House Tuesday, and the two leaders will discuss how to ramp up the international coalition against ISIS extremists after the deadly attacks in Paris.
Hollande may leave Washington empty-handed, or at least, without the kind of pledges he is seeking, as Obama and his top advisers have indicated they will not dramatically shift course in Iraq and Syria.
"The strategy that we are putting forward is the strategy that ultimately is going to work," Obama told reporters in Turkey on Nov. 16, just three days after Paris sustained a terrorist attack that killed 130 people.
That same day, Hollande said he would meet with leaders in both the U.S. and Russia to "join our forces." Hollande heads to Moscow on Thursday, just after his White House meeting, to better coordinate military action with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
But the United States has been skeptical about coordinating counterattacks against ISIS with Russia.
"The question at this point is whether [Russia] can make the strategic adjustment that allows them to be effective partners with us," Obama said during a press conference in Malaysia Sunday. "And we don't know that yet."
Hollande has said he was also seeking a "union of all who can fight this terrorist army in a single coalition." He's already gotten a commitment from British Prime Minister David Cameron, who announced Monday that he'd seek parliamentary approval this week for Britain to start bombing ISIS targets in Syria.
But it's not clear what else the United States would be willing to do in order to further Hollande's vision.
"For more than a year, the United States has built and led a broad coalition against ISIL of some 65 nations," Obama said Sunday.
The "deliverables" from the Obama-Hollande meeting will more likely include stepped-up intelligence sharing between the two nations, which Obama alluded to last week at the Turkey press conference.
"We’re streamlining the process by which we share intelligence and operational military information with France. This will allow our personnel to pass threat information, including on ISIL, to our French partners even more quickly and more often," Obama said.
Another aspect of the anti-ISIS fight that Obama will likely underscore with Hollande is the influx of Syrian refugees that are seeking resettlement in both leaders' nations.
American politicians have been urging the U.S. to pause its Syrian refugee program until the administration can confirm that it's airtight against possible terrorist infiltration. Obama wants to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees into the country.
Meanwhile, France has said it will accept 30,000 more refugees over two years.
Obama slammed the notion of suspending the program, calling it "un-American."
"There’s a difference between smart applications of law enforcement and military and intelligence, and succumbing to the kind of fear that leads us to abandon our values, to abandon how we live, to abandon -- or change how we treat each other," he said in Malaysia.