How Brazil Built a Stadium in the Jungle

PHOTO: General view of the Arena da Amazonia soccer stadium in Manaus, Brazil, May 20, 2014. .

What's most remarkable about the Arena Amazonia -- the place where some of the most hotly anticipated matches of the World Cup will be played -- is the fact that the stadium was even built to begin with.

While the task of readying the one dozen host cities has been a massive undertaking for Brazil, perhaps the greatest logistical feat was construction the stadium within the heart of the Amazon.

The 42,618-seat arena, which looks like a woven basket, is surrounded by waterways and lush landscapes. Manaus, a sprawling, flat city of nearly 2 million people, is better served by air or by water than roads -- making the transport of heavy equipment and construction materials a challenge.

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"While not one of the traditional hotbeds of Brazilian football, Manaus is sure to prove a major attraction at Brazil 2014 thanks to the Arena Amazonia's unique position at the heart of the Amazon rainforest," the official World Cup website says.

PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Oct. 1, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.
Rodrigo Baleia/LatinContent/Getty Images
PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Oct. 1, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.

The construction of the Arena Amazonia began in 2011 when the Vivaldao stadium, the most important soccer arena in the Amazon, was torn down as the city began its massive preparations for the 2014 World Cup. The project was also criticized by environmentalists who claimed the project involved deforestation.

PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Oct. 1, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.
Rodrigo Baleia/LatinContent/Getty Images
PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Oct. 1, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.

Three workers died during construction, which was also fraught with delays that included design changes and cost increases, according to a New York Times profile of the project last year.

PHOTO: Workers prepare the surroundings of the Arena da Amazonia Vivaldo Lima in Manaus, Brazil, on April 9, 2014.
Paulo Fridman/Bloomberg via Getty Images
PHOTO: Workers prepare the surroundings of the Arena da Amazonia Vivaldo Lima in Manaus, Brazil, on April 9, 2014.

Many of the materials to build the stadium were brought by ship from Portugal. According to the New York Times, the journey took 17 to 20 days, as the ships crossed the Atlantic Ocean and then navigated the tributaries of the Amazon River to arrive in Manaus.

PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Sept. 27, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.
Rodrigo Baleia/LatinContent/Getty Images
PHOTO: General view of construction work at the Arena Amazonia, formerly known as Vivaldao Stadium, in this Sept. 27, 2010, file photo in Manaus, Brazil.

Building the Arena de Amazonia was a feat -- and now some of the world's elite players have to contend with not just getting there, but also playing there. The USA will play Portugal at the arena on June 22.

England coach Roy Hodgson remarked last year that he had hoped to avoid Manaus because of the hot, sticky weather. He later apologized after he was criticized for his comments by local officials.

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