The existing system to set quotas made both sides fish as much as they could regardless of the stocks health, said Anderson, whose office barred fishermen and environmentalists from the news conference announcing the pact.
The $140 million will have to be approved by Congress, but the Clinton administration’s representative in the negotiations, Lloyd Cutler, said the White House did expect trouble.
President Clinton has already asked Congress for $100 million for salmon habitat restoration in the Pacific Northwest, and the funds announced Thursday will be in addition to the earlier request.
The agreement could face a challenge from Canadian aboriginal groups, who have special fishing rights, and are upset that they were excluded from the latest round of negotiations.
A representative of U.S. Indian tribes, who were included in the talks, praised the pact, and said it reflected an understanding that people to be more respectful to salmon as a “non-human neighbors.”