Transcript for 'This Week': Peace Prize Surprise
If they would like to speak against me it's their right. But the thing is, I only want support for my cause of education. It's the right of every girl and every boy. The kind of education you were getting they argue is a western education? If I want to go to school, and I want to become a doctor, so there would be an eastern doctor or a western doctor? Is there a difference in the studies? If I wanted to become a engineer, is there a different way of becoming an engineer? This is education. This is knowledge. It can neither be eastern nor western. The young woman so many expected to win the nobel peace prize this week, malala yousafzai. 16-year-old pakistani girl who survived bullets insisting girls should receive education. It went instead to chemical weapons inspectors for the tough work they do around the work. But first, let's go to abc chief foreign correspondent terry moran in syria. Where the winners are doing their most crucial work. Good morning, terry. Reporter: George, there are 28 nobel prize winning chemical weapons inspectors on the ground here in da must kus. They have to locate and destroy syria's entire chemical weapons arsenal, more than 1,000 ammunitions. Do it in a few months in the middle of a raging civil war. We met with the team the night they won the prize, they are a close-knit bunch, not without a sense of humor. The chemical brothers they call themselves. But they're under no illusions about this. They themselves are personally target. Many of the rebel and jihadist groups in this country don't want them here. They wanted the american military strike that president obama promised. They thought that might help change the balance of power. In the war and lead them to victory. For many ordinary syrians the work of the chemical weapons inspectors is the work of peace. And they hope that it might offer the chance of a beginning of the end of their long national agony. George? Thank you, terry. And for more on the nobel peace prize announcement, we're joined by david milibland. Thank you both of you for joining us. David, let me begin you, there has been criticism of this choice, do you think it's justified? I think they do amazing work. The truth is, they probably wouldn't have gotten this prize if president assad hadn't used weapons. It takes the abuse of weapons -- denies that is to reinforce their work. But there's also a danger. 1400 people were killed with chemical weapons. 120,000 people have been killed in all, 7 million people displaced from their homes and people like me running an organization, like the international rescue committee we're concerned that people think that chemical weapons being agressed the regional conflict. I mean 7 million. Think of a country like jordan, a big ally of the united states, 1600 refugees. It's like poland arriving in the united states. It's a massive hit to these shiza, how did malala take the announcement? She said if I ignore the nobel committee's decision, i already feel like I won, because people all over the world have been sending in love and prayers. So she wasn't expecting it, she said I have a lot of work to do. And that's what she's focusing on and she's wished the opcw luck in their tremendous task. As you talk about the work that malala wants to do, if it -- not getting the nobel prize, was somehow a blessing in disguise, does it help her in her home country? She's 16. It's a heavy burden to carry. She carries many burdens already. She has many, many years ahead of her to win the prize. In pakistan, people were hopeful and expecting it. I think it brought the nation together around a cause and it served its purpose with the nomination. She said at some point, she could see herself seeking elective office, but what is the focus right now for malala and the foundation? For malala it's school and getting back to having some sort of a normal life which also carrying her campaign. To take her campaign forward with her vision which is really getting girls into school and helping them to be powerful agents of change. This is something that you all worked on when you were british foreign secretary? Yes, it's not a political revolutions that get the headlines. It's the education revolutions that's helping to change lives. And this spirit that's so evident in malala's work, truly inspiring work, is one of great hopes for progress. Of course, if you just go back to that syrian crisis, 300,000 kids in lebanon, boys and girls, syrian refugees, with no education. THEY NEED NGOs TO REALLY Mobilize. Because that's -- if we're not careful, a forgotten and Their potential as a generation is magnificent. But the danger is obviously very huge. Do you see hope in pakistan now? We do. We see -- malala's shooting really galvanized people to get up and say, I denounce terrorism, I name the groups that have done this attack, which had not been done in the past, and thousands of girls got up and say "i am malala." That was revolutionary. And we see progress. Maybe back in a decade and see malala as a nobel peace prize winner? I hope so. Organizations like THE PAKISTANI GOVERNMENT, NGOs They're mobilizing for education in pakistan. Because it's the future of that
This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.